No matter what the two did, they couldn't rid the receivers of background radio noise that, puzzlingly, seemed to be coming from all directions at once. Penzias contacted Princeton University physicist Robert Dicke who suggested that the radio noise might be cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB), which is primordial microwave radiation that fills the universe.
And that is the story of the discovery of CMB. Simple and elegant.
For their discovery, Penzias and Wilson received the 1978 Nobel Prize in Physics, and for good reason. Their work ushered us into a new age of cosmology, allowing scientists to study and understand our universe as never before.
Yet, this discovery also led to one of the most surprising findings in recent history: Unique features in the CMB could be the first direct evidence we've ever had of the multiverse — of an infinity of worlds and alien peoples that exist beyond the known universe.
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