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Apr 24

DARPA-NASA Starship Orlando Hilton

Posted by: JackSarfatti |
Tagged in: Untagged 
http://www.blogger.com/comment.g?blogID=4637778157419388168&postID=3221498099844056626&page=1&token=1335262467492
Apr 23

Appearance or Reality - Back FROM The Future

Posted by: JackSarfatti |
Tagged in: Untagged 
"Motivated by the question, which kind of physical interactions and processes are needed for the production of quantum entanglement, Peres has put forward the radical idea of delayed-choice entanglement swapping. There, entanglement can be "produced a posteriori, after the entangled particles have been measured and may no longer exist". In this work we report the first realization of Peres' gedanken experiment. Using four photons, we can actively delay the choice of measurement-implemented via a high-speed tunable bipartite state analyzer and a quantum random number generator-on two of the photons into the time-like future of the registration of the other two photons. This effectively projects the two already registered photons onto one definite of two mutually exclusive quantum states in which either the photons are entangled (quantum correlations) or separable (classical correlations). This can also be viewed as "quantum steering into the past"." http://arxiv.org/abs/1203.4834
· ··
  • Jack Sarfatti This is proof of back-from-the future influence. Remember Bohr said ultimately we must come back to the "naive" classical world view if we wish to use classical ideas like cause and effect.
    4 minutes ago ·
  • Jack Sarfatti It's not a "mimic" - it's the real thing!
    3 minutes ago ·
  • Jack Sarfatti DIrac thought that the exponential of the classical action along a path was a mimic of the quantum amplitude. Feynman realized that it really was the quantum amplitude for a process to happen in some classical way. Same here. The quantum weirdness was the coherent superposition of different classical alternatives when we could not tell the difference experimentally. The constructive interference was a quantum computation of the "correct answer", which is our classical world.
Apr 23

Motivated by the question, which kind of physical interactions and processes are needed for the production of quantum entanglement, Peres has put forward the radical idea of delayed-choice entanglement swapping. There, entanglement can be "produced a posteriori, after the entangled particles have been measured and may no longer exist". In this work we report the first realization of Peres' gedanken experiment. Using four photons, we can actively delay the choice of measurement-implemented via a high-speed tunable bipartite state analyzer and a quantum random number generator-on two of the photons into the time-like future of the registration of the other two photons. This effectively projects the two already registered photons onto one definite of two mutually exclusive quantum states in which either the photons are entangled (quantum correlations) or separable (classical correlations). This can also be viewed as "quantum steering into the past".
http://phys.org/news/2012-04-quantum-physics-mimics-spooky-action.html

Apr 23

Forbidden Universe

Posted by: JackSarfatti |
Tagged in: Untagged 
http://www.goodreads.com/review/show/317413728
Apr 15

Mind, Matter, and Money

Posted by: JackSarfatti |
Tagged in: Untagged 
Interesting that it applies to Landau Ginzburg theory so it may be important for the Vitiello-Freeman brain dynamics.

Extreme wave events, also referred to as
freak or rogue waves, are mostly known as an oceanic
phenomenon responsible for a large number of maritime
disasters. These waves, which have height and steepness
much greater than expected from the sea average
state [1], have recently become a topic of intense research.
Freak waves appear both in deep ocean and in shallow
waters [2]. In contrast to tsunamis and storms associated
with typhoons that can be predicted hours (sometimes
days) in advance, the particular danger of oceanic rogue
waves is that they suddenly appear from nowhere only
seconds before they hit a ship. The grim reality, however,
is that although the existence of freak waves has now been
confirmed by multiple observations, uncertainty remains
on their fundamental origins. This hinders systematic
approaches to study their characteristics, including the
predictability of their appearance [3].

In fact, research on rogue waves is in an emerging state
[1, 3, 4]. These waves not only appear in oceans [5] but
also in the atmosphere [7], in optics [8, 9], in plasmas
[11], in superfluids, in Bose-Einstein condensates [12] and
also as capillary waves [13]. The common features and
differences among freak wave manifestations in their different
contexts is a subject of intense discussion [2]. New
studies of rogue waves in any of these disciplines enrich
their concept and lead to progress towards a comprehensive
understanding of a phenomenon which still remains
largely unexplored. A formal mathematical description
of a rogue wave is provided by the so-called Peregrine
soliton [14]. This solitary wave is a solution of the one-dimensional
nonlinear Schr¨odinger equation (NLSE) with
the property of being localized in both the transverse and
the longitudinal coordinate: thus it describes a unique
wave event. This solution is also unique in a mathematical
sense, as it is written in terms of rational functions
of coordinates, in contrast to most of other known solutions
of the NLSE.

In a variety of complex systems such as Bose–Einstein
condensates [22], optical fibers [23], and financial systems
[24, 25], several variables rather than a single wave
amplitude need to be considered. For instance, in the financial
world it is necessary to couple cash to the value of
other assets such as shares, bonds, options, etc., as well
as to consider all correlations between these variables.
The resulting systems of equations may thus describe extreme
waves with higher accuracy than the single NLSE
model. Approaches to rogue wave phenomena involving
multiple coupled waves are the coupled Gross-Pitaevskii
(GP) equations [26] and the Manakov system (or vector
NLSE) [27]. Indeed, vector rogue waves of GP equations
and the Manakov system have been recently presented
[22, 25, 28].

Conclusions. Here we have analytically constructed
and discussed, a multi-parametric vector freak solution
of the vector NLSE. This family of exact solutions includes
known vector Peregrine (rational) solutions, and
novel freak solutions which feature both exponential and
rational dependence on coordinates. Because of the universality
of the vector NLSE model (1), our solutions
contribute to a better control and understanding of rogue
wave phenomena in a variety of complex dynamics, ranging
from optical communications to Bose-Einstein condensates
and financial systems


Begin forwarded message:

From: nick herbert <quanta@cruzio.com>
Subject: deterministic vector freak waves
Date: April 15, 2012 3:07:37 AM GMT+01:00

==========================================

deterministic vector freak waves

http://xxx.lanl.gov/abs/1204.1449

==========================================

I think you should make it clear, David,
that this paper has absolutely nothing to do with
"The Hippies That Saved Physics"

Thanks Waldyr
:-)
On Apr 14, 2012, at 9:38 AM, Waldyr A. Rodrigues Jr. wrote:

Dear Jack,
You should read my comments on LDG gauge theory of gravitation in Appendix F of my book:
Gravitation as a Plastic Distortion of the Lorentz Vacuum. For your convenience a copy of the book is attached. You can put a link to the book and to an errata if you think that this is worthwhile. The links are:
 
http://www.springer.com/physics/theoretical,+mathematical+%26+computational+physics/book/978-3-642-13588-0
 
 
http://www.ime.unicamp.br/~walrod/errataplastic.pdf
 
A free copy with almost the same material can be obtained from:http://arxiv.org/abs/0909.4472
 

The Gibbs Free Energy G is a Cartan 0-form

dG is an exact 1-form

The thermodynamic Maxwell Relations MR say that

d^2G = 0

d^2 = 0

That is a vanishing “curl” Cartan 2-form.

Now when G is a multiple-valued scalar 0-form field for topological reasons - the thermodynamic lumped coarse-grained parameter manifold its defined over has topological obstructions with “holes” - non-overlapping homotopy/homology “gauge orbits” (see Hagen Kleinert’s works for rigorous math)

There is induced a new LOCAL GAUGE POTENTIAL 1-form A

i.e. we now have

dG + A

where

dA Cartan 2-form =/= 0

and that’s your violation of MR.

That’s what you are seeing.

It’s analogous to an electromagnetic field 2-Form F and to the gravity curvature 2-Form R.

It’s a thermodynamic effective gauge field and there is probably a local symmetry group for it.

This is basically the idea in my 1969 PhD in more sophisticated form - I did not know Cartan forms back then and was groping.

In any case, Hagen Kleinert has the details.

Now what the micro-mechanism is - is another story.

From this POV there is no violation of 2nd Law of Thermo - just a deeper understanding of it.

Note that in the EM case, the static Coulomb field is made of coherent Glauber states of longitudinal & timelike virtual photons.

Crystal lattices are made of coherent Glauber states of virtual phonons.

Non-radiating magnetic near fields are coherent states of virtual transverse polarized photons.

curl A =/= 0

Only far field radiation has real transverse (zero rest mass) photons.

Similarly in this thermodynamic case? - New physics here!


On Apr 13, 2012, at 1:19 PM, JACK SARFATTI wrote:


On Apr 13, 2012, at 12:48 PM, GNPellegrini@aol.com wrote:

Jack,
 
Do you agree with the following:
 
(Assuming temperature constant conditions)
 
If strain and magnetization are single valued functions of stress and H-field (state functions), and the MR for these variables is violated, then:
 
1.  The Gibbs free energy is NOT a single valued function of stress and H-field (i.e., not a state function)

Right

2.  The Kelvin Statement (of the 2nd law) is violated.

That’s the question - maybe not. I mean it may tacitly assume G is single-valued. The math was not really known in his time.
 
I think this is easy to show.
 
In a message dated 4/12/2012 8:50:17 A.M. Eastern Daylight Time, sarfatti@pacbell.net writes:
10-4 however, it’s now more clear to me that you never have to say that violation of Maxwell Relations is tantamount to violation of the Second Law of Thermodynamics - this is not only politically expedient, but I think physically correct. Remember Eddington! ;-)

On Apr 12, 2012, at 1:22 PM, GNPellegrini@aol.com wrote:

Hi Jack,
 
Just want to clarify.  We have not yet performed an actual "over-unity" test.  Only actual "over-unity" test so far is UMD experiment.
 
What we have measured are fairly large MR discrepancies in the magnetomechanical system which (given overall losses can be minimized)      will be capable of "over-unity" operation.
 
In a message dated 4/12/2012 5:11:16 A.M. Eastern Daylight Time, sarfatti@pacbell.net writes:


Pelligrini et-al (North Eastern University, Boston) report such violations in magnetostrictive materials at kilohertz frequencies with an anomalous seemingly over-unity net energy output. Their experiments and allegedly similar ones at a US Navy lab seem to violate the 19th Century Clausius formulation of the Second Law of Thermodynamics. These people are not cranks so what they are seeing needs understanding. Also there are evidently practical energy payoffs if the claims are substantiated.
.
My basic point is elementary from section 10.2 of Penrose RR.

The Maxwell Relations are generally

<8df17122883a7607a3af0937e31caef6.png>

This corresponds to a vanishing curl for the gradients of the potentials.

Some specific cases are:

<7cc3f7f7b80bcba4ba4a26948e933ab8.png>


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maxwell_relations

<ScreenShot2012-04-12at9.37.56AM.png>
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thermodynamic_potential

The basic thermodynamic potentials U, H, A, G are Cartan 0-form (scalar fields) of thermodynamic parameters.

Their Cartan 1-form “vector fields,” e.g. dU below where d is the Cartan exterior derivative in thermodynamic parameter space of natural variables - not physical space-time where what we are discussing are “fibers” in sense of mathematics of fiber bundles.

<ScreenShot2012-04-12at10.09.14AM.png>

<ScreenShot2012-04-12at9.41.40AM.png>

Now we certainly have non-vanishing curls in electrodynamics. This requires a transverse polarized vector potential A in addition to the longitudinal scalar potential. Obviously, something similar is needed to explain Pelligrini’s et-al’s data. Curiously, I introduced such a quantity for superfluid helium turbulence in my 1969  Ph..D. dissertation with Fred W. Cummings (of the Jaynes-Cummings model now ubiquitous in quantum information theory models of strings of qubits). The timelike scalar and longitudinal part of A are constrained together by U1 local gauge invariance.

In terms of Cartan forms d^2 = 0, therefore, the above thermodynamic Cartan 1-forms are not exact 1-forms in Pelligrini’s data. They are not even closed 1-forms because they have local non-vanishing 2-form exterior derivatives.

Now Penrose says that the basic Maxwell relations correspond to C^2 smoothness in the thermodynamic potentials. Obviously, this is violated in Pelligrini’s case assuming that his measurements are good.

Clearly, there is no violation of the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics which must be generalized to include the quasi local gauge field A. A similar trick is used by Frank Wilczek for 2D anyons.

The A field corresponds to topological obstructions and what Hagen Kleinert means by singular “multi-valued fields,” i.e. different homotopy/homology classes. The thermodynamic potential Cartan 0-form scalar fields are no longer single-valued functions in a simply-connected thermodynamic parameter manifold. Indeed, the Bohm-Aharonov and Berry phase effects may be relevant here?


Apr 11

What are virtual particles?

Posted by: JackSarfatti |
Tagged in: Untagged 
A free particle in infinite space flat space is an idealization we will use here.

Its quantum wave form can be a plane wave

psi(r,t) ~ ei(k.r - ft)

If the particle is real then it is on mass shell i.e. in special relativity

f^2 = (ck)^2 + (mc^2/h)^2

m = rest mass from Higgs-mechanism and quantum chromodynamics  - purely local

If the particle is virtual then the there is no constraint between f (energy/h) and wave number (momentum/h) where h is Planck's quantum of action.

example 1

Spatial crystals are Higgs-Goldstone Bose-Einstein analog - macro-quantumcoherent Glauber states of VIRTUAL PHONONS of zero frequency f = 0 and finite base wave vectors k in the reciprocal lattice.

A phonon is a normal collective mode of pure vibration of all the atoms/molecules that order into the crystal when the spatial translation subgroup of the Poincare group is spontaneously broken below the freezing point.


The contour surrounding the origin is analogous to the intersections of our future and past light cones with our future and past cosmological horizons.



Our here-now light cone origin is analogous to the origin in the complex plane.

"what the function f(z) is doing at the origin is completely fixed by what it is doing at a set of points surrounding the origin"

Roger Penrose 7.3 Road to Reality

f(0) is analogous to us as hologram images projected from the surrounding closed contour - analogous to the pre and post-selected cosmological horizons.

London W8 April 11, 2012 12:39 PM

Apr 11

The Big Idea

Posted by: JackSarfatti |
Tagged in: Untagged 
Pentagon plans for Alien invasion exist according to military professor http://t.co/IrzOuUzE

http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/2/1cc50e4c-7d81-11e1-81a5-00144feab49a.html#axzz1rirD6JqI