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On Mar 29, 2011, at 6:17 PM, JACK SARFATTI wrote:
When I combine Bohm's quantum potential with Cramer's and Aharonov's, the condition for non-unitary signal nonlocality is simply the failure of the destiny and history action phases S to match. It's trivial. This gives a (non-unitary) imaginary dissipative contribution to the quantum potential Q.
I am writing up the details. It's very simple. I will put it in the cosmology consciousness article.
Basically   psi = Re^iS
The NR quantum potential is
Q ~ R^-1Del^2R
But what R should really be is
R = |psi(history)psi(destiny)| = {|psi(history)||psi(destiny)|e^i[S(history)-S(destiny)}^1/2
&S = S(history)-S(destiny)
R --> R* =  {|psi(history)||psi(destiny)|}^1/2[cos&S/2 + isin&S/2]
in orthodox quantum theory with signal locality the imaginary part of R* vanishes.

Mar 23

From string theory's financial derivatives to ....? ;-)
They are known as "quants" because they do quantitative finance. Seduced by a vision of mathematical elegance underlying some of the messiest of human activities, they apply skills they once hoped to use to untangle string theory or the nervous system to making money.

Derman, Overbye noted, "fell in love with a corner of finance that dealt with stock options."


"Options theory is kind of deep in some way. It was very elegant; it had the quality of physics" Derman told him.
— JB
http://www.edge.org/3rd_culture/derman10.1/derman10.1_index.html
"'There is a vast market for ever-faster fibre-optic cables to try to physically "get there faster"'but Dr Wissner-Gross said that the purely technological approach to gaining an advantage was reaching a limit.

Trades now travel at nearly 90% of the ultimate speed limit set by physics, the speed of light in the cables.


Competitive advantage

His first solution, published in 2010, considered the various latencies in global fibre-optic links and mapped out where the optimal points for financial transactions to originate - midway between two major financial hubs to maximise the chance of "buying low" in one place and 'selling high' in another."

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-12827752?utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter
Bye, bye, orthodox quantum theory. Where there is a will there is a way. ;-)
Subquantum Information and Computation
Antony Valentini
(Submitted on 11 Mar 2002 (v1), last revised 12 Apr 2002 (this version, v2))
It is argued that immense physical resources - for nonlocal communication, espionage, and exponentially-fast computation - are hidden from us by quantum noise, and that this noise is not fundamental but merely a property of an equilibrium state in which the universe happens to be at the present time. It is suggested that 'non-quantum' or nonequilibrium matter might exist today in the form of relic particles from the early universe. We describe how such matter could be detected and put to practical use. Nonequilibrium matter could be used to send instantaneous signals, to violate the uncertainty principle, to distinguish non-orthogonal quantum states without disturbing them, to eavesdrop on quantum key distribution, and to outpace quantum computation (solving NP-complete problems in polynomial time).
http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0203049

Mar 15

A Richter 9 is 1000 x more energy released than Richter 7.
However, the swing amplitude is only 100x bigger. People get confused on the distinction.

(energy ratio) = (amplitude ratio)^3/2
amplitude ratio is 10^(difference of the Richter readings).

No quake at Richter 10 ever happened and it is alleged to be planet destroying. It's only about 32x more energy than the Japan quake.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richter_magnitude_scale

Mar 14

Radiation Hysteria - Keep calm and carry on.

Posted by: JackSarfatti |
Tagged in: Untagged 

Breaking News Alert
The New York Times
Mon, March 14, 2011 -- 8:00 PM ET
-----

"An explosion early Tuesday morning may have damaged the inner steel containment vessel of the No. 2 reactor at Japan's Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, leading to the wide release of radioactive materials there ..."

It says "may have". However, it does not look good.

"After the Three Mile Island nuclear accident, the NRC detected radioactive iodine in local milk at levels of 20 picocuries/liter,[6] a dose much less than one would receive from ingesting a single banana. Thus a 12 fl oz glass of the slightly radioactive milk would have about 1/75th BED (banana equivalent dose)."

http://wattsupwiththat.com/2011/02/16/going-bananas-over-radiation/

I was just on the Michael Savage radio show 3-14-11 talking about this.
My main message to his millions of listeners across America and beyond was:
Keep calm and carry on! ;-)
A UC Berkeley nuclear engineer called after me and confirmed my position - not to worry too much about radiation hazards in our neck of the woods.
Of course things may change. He says that no containment breaches as yet.
I did not call the show. Michael's producer called me and asked me to come on it as a guest.
I spoke about
http://theenergycollective.com/barrybrook/53461/fukushima-nuclear-accident-simple-and-accurate-explanation
and

http://www.orau.org/ptp/collection/accidents/ki.htm

"The energy release of an earthquake, which closely correlates to its destructive power, scales with the 3⁄2 power of the shaking amplitude. Thus, a difference in magnitude of 1.0 is equivalent to a factor of 31.6 ( = (101.0)(3 / 2)) in the energy released; a difference in magnitude of 2.0 is equivalent to a factor of 1000 ( = (102.0)(3 / 2) ) in the energy released.[2]"

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richter_magnitude_scale

Mar 14

Antigravity meta-material LC circuit?

Posted by: JackSarfatti |
Tagged in: Untagged 

The formulas (1a & b) and their consequences below are my original discoveries today March 13, 2011 Pacific Time to which I and my estate retain all commercial/technology rights that may ensue.

On Mar 13, 2011, at 8:13 PM, JACK SARFATTI wrote:
Bottom line, for a thin spherical shell capacitor filled with appropriate meta-material of thickness d << Area A of concentric shells - the anomalous Newtonian g-force field just outside the outer electrically charged spherical shell should be of order of magnitude
g(anomalous repulsion) = c^2rs(applied EM field)/r^2
~  (index of refraction)^4G(-E^2d/c^2  (1a)
"(-" = negative meta-material permittivity
Therefore, without the "superconducting" index to the fourth power amplification we cannot hope to nullify g(Earth) ~ 10 meters/sec^2 with practical small amounts of applied electric field/voltage gradient between the inner and outer spherical shells filled with a properly designed meta-material.
Let V = voltage difference across the "plates"  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capacitor
C = Q/V
+ & - Q = charges on the plates
C = capacitance
V ~ Ed
~  (index of refraction)^4G(-V^2/dc^2
~  (index of refraction)^4G(-Q^2/C^2dc^2
Also from Maxwell's equations
index of refraction ~ (permittivity)^1/2   - for fixed permeability.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Permittivity
Therefore, the anomalous Newtonian gravity radial g-force field at the surface of the outer sphere is
~  (permittivity)^3(Newton's Gravity Constant)(Voltage Difference)^2/(distance between plates)(speed of light in vacuum)^2 (1b)
To get the right ELF resonance put a coil across the capacitor.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LC_circuit

PS, I got the idea to use meta-materials from the Project JASON meeting on HFGW I attended at General Atomics in La Jolla June 2008 I think it was. JASON Defense Advisory Panel: Reports on Defense Science and ...
JASON typically performs most of its work during an annual summer study, and has conducted studies under contract to the Department of Defense (frequently ...
www.fas.org/irp/agency/dod/jason/

JASON (advisory group) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
JASON typically performs most of its work during an annual summer study. Its sponsors include the Department of Defense (frequently DARPA and the United ...
Activities - Membership - Recent history - Research

Up till then I did not know what a meta-material was, but a lot of Navy scientists at the meeting were excited about it. All the recent progress in meta-material like reverse Doppler sounding like the Vallee-Torme Fastwalker leads me to wonder if it's not the Phil Corso scenario? ;-)

On Mar 13, 2011, at 6:58 PM, jfwoodward@ ...wrote:

You've missed my point (perhaps intentionally).

No. I get a precise formula below in the spherical case that is easy to calculate to illustrate the essential concept. Flat plates harder to do instantly back of the envelope.

 Yes, it may not be possible to produce large gravitational shifts of the sort you describe.  But the EP requires that if you produce a change in the active (or passive) gravitational mass, you also produce a change in the inertial mass.


Yes, but I am totally against that approach for several reasons.

1) The only way to do that is with the Higgs field. Lenny Susskind discusses why that is not practical and even if you did it it would be catastrophic in my opinion because of the delicate balances e/m et-al.

2) Warp drive is geodesic, i.e. the inertial mass of the ship drops out of the equation (to first approximation i.e. center of mass of an extended object)

It may be small, but since you can produce effectively artificial gravity fields by accelerating the changed mass with external forces with decades of "gs", that small change in mass can have detectable results.

Again I say it's not relevant for the zero g-force propellantless propulsion I am after, and even dangerous if, by chance, you succeeded say with your Mach idea device.

Our Final Hour - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sir Martin Rees, Our Final Hour: A Scientist's Warning: How Terror, Error, and Environmental Disaster Threaten Humankind's Future In This Century—On Earth ...
Humanity's fate and ... - Reviews - Further reading - See also
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Our_Final_Hour PIXELSURGEON | Reviews | Books | Our Final Hour: A Scientist's Warning
In the first of a trilogy of reviews for Pixelsurgeon, Brian Reindel looks at the scientific basis for the end of Mankind. His first review is of a book ...
www.pixelsurgeon.com/reviews/review.php?id=626 Our Final Hour: A Scientist's Warning | kurzweilai
Jul 14, 2010 ... Amazon | Nano-machines stand poised to revolutionize technology and medicine, but what happens if these minuscule beasties break their leash ...
www.kurzweilai.net/our-final-hour-a-scientists-warning Review of "Just Six Numbers"
Nov 20, 2006 ... Just Six Numbers: the deep forces that shape the universe, by Martin Rees. ISBN 0-75381-022-0. The laws of nature seem to have too many ...
www.mccaughan.org.uk/g/books/rees.html -

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So, instead of the concentric sphere geometry you mention, how about something as simple as a disk capacitor with parallel plates, say a few centimeters in diameter?  Maybe a multiplate design if you want to increase the strength of the E field in the gap between the plates.  Describe the stuff you want to put between the plates to produce the exotic matter you claim should be possible.  I'll build it and give it a try.

No exotic matter is involved here. Meta-materials. This is not a one-man job. Large numbers of scientists in different fields would be needed to pull this off. Lots of new physics needed here. The data Jacques Vallee put into the novel Fastwalker suggest meta-material to me.


On Mar 13, 2011, at 3:51 PM, JACK SARFATTI wrote:

Bottom line, for a thin spherical shell capacitor filled with appropriate meta-material of thickness d << Area A of concentric shells - the anomalous Newtonian g-force field just outside the outer electrically charged spherical shell should be of order of magnitude

g(anomalous repulsion) = c^2rs(applied EM field)/r^2

~  (index of refraction)^4G(-E^2d/c^2

"(-" = negative meta-material permittivity

Therefore, without the "superconducting" index to the fourth power amplification we cannot hope to nullify g(Earth) ~ 10 meters/sec^2 with practical small amounts of applied electric field E (voltage gradient) between the inner and outer spherical shells filled with a properly designed meta-material.

Bottom line, for a thin spherical shell capacitor filled with appropriate meta-material of thickness d << Area A of concentric shells - the anomalous Newtonian g-force field just outside the outer electrically charged spherical shell should be of order of magnitude
g(anomalous repulsion) = c^2rs(applied EM field)/r^2
r ~ A^1/2
~  (index of refraction)^4G(-E^2d/c^2
(- = negative permittivity

Therefore, without the index to the fourth power amplification we cannot hope to nullify g(Earth) ~ 10 meters/sec^2 with practical small amounts of applied electric field/voltage gradient between the inner and outer spherical shells filled with a properly designed meta-material.

On Mar 12, 2011, at 10:17 PM, jfwoodward wrote:
Well, certainly the metamaterial is worth testing.  And producing as much exoticity as possible makes sense.  But reducing c (as in a superconductor) I don't think will matter much. 
I disagree. If we cannot greatly reduce "c" via a Bose-Einstein condensate and/or http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slow_light enormous increase of index of refraction I don't think there is a chance it will work. Could be wrong of course - and it may not work because my basic Ansatz may not be true - empirical issue, but these are desperate times and we should try everything not obviously not even wrong.
You are thinking that by reducing c, m (= E/c^2) will be increased I'll bet.
My idea is motivated by Sakharov 1967 that gravity is an emergent macroscopic IR effective c-number field from the electro-weak-strong forces and sources as a substrate as VIRTUAL quanta inside the physical vacuum.
My idea is motivated by
Bose–Einstein condensate - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - 3 visits - 1:36pm
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link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevA.66.021603
and Einstein's field equation that I conjecture is, in a material,
Guv(gravity) + [8pi(index of refraction)^4G/c^4]Tuv(applied EM field) = 0
But I don't think that changing c by an index of refraction makes any difference as c in m = E/c^2 is the vacuum speed of light (not whatever it may be in some material medium).  As I said, reducing c can increase the energy density (as the stuff traveling at c gets stacked up if you will as it passes into the refracting medium), but it cannot change the total energy (which is compressed into a smaller volume in the refracting medium but not changed in total amount).
But let's say I'm wrong about the c issue.  Thinking in terms of non-transparent media, you don't need a superconductor.  Think in terms of materials with very large dielectric constants.  10^3 is easy.  That's the k of ferroelectric materials.  And I've heard that ks of 10^6 are possible.  It's not 10^10.  But it should be more than enough for the purpose. . . .

Update on
On Mar 12, 2011, at 5:13 PM, JACK SARFATTI wrote:
The capacitor has to have negative permittivity at DC or at least at ELF range.
But that's not good enough to measure anomalous repulsive gravity if the effective index of refraction is normal ~ 1
The important thing we want to measure is (index of refraction)^4G/c(vacuum)^4
to test my conjecture
Guv +  [(index of refraction)^4G/c(vacuum)^4(E.D)] = 0
inside a material despite apparent breaking of general covariance
D = (permittivity)E
The effective induced radius of curvature R is
1/R^2 ~ (index of refraction)^4G/c(vacuum)^4(E.D)
comparing to an idealized spherical mass equivalent
rs/r^3 = 1/R^2 ~ curvature estimate for Guv in Einstein's equation in the meta-material spherical shell region where Tuv =/= 0
rs/r^3 ~  [(index of refraction)^4G/c(vacuum)^4](E.D)
What is rs here?
We need to take the total EM field SOURCE energy in the "capacitor" on the RHS, divide by c^2 etc.
From that we compute r self-consistently.
E.D = (-E^2
(- = electrical permittivity that we want negative in an ELF band in a spherical thin shell capacitor filled with a meta-material of volume V that is also superconducting at high Tc.
The total non-radiative near field ELF electric field mass-energy M (neglect magnetic part in first approximation)
M = (-E^2V/c^2
Therefore, assuming a spherically symmetric shell "capacitor" of thickness d and area A, V = Ad with E ~ constant inside the thin shell
d << A^1/2 (neglecting 4pi etc for now)
rs = 2GM/c^2 = (index of refraction)^4G(-E^2Ad/c^4
and
r ~ A^1/2
so in vacuum just outside the shell of the spherical capacitor
g(anomalous) = c^2rs/r^2 ~  (index of refraction)^4G(-E^2d/c^2
The effective static LNIF anomalous g-force is then c^2rs/r^2 to compare with local Earth g of 10meters/sec^2
Unless we can get (index of refraction) way up to ~ 10^10 in the relevant frequency band I doubt we will be able to measure anything.
Clearly, this theoretical issue needs to be more carefully studied first - this is only off the cuff back of envelope sort of hand waving.

"In his book SuperCosmos (pdf as of 2/18/04), Jack Sarfatti describes SpaceCraft using quotations from FASTWALKER by Jacques-F.-Vallee, which Jack Sarfatti describes as "... Vallee's essentially factual report thinly disguised as "science-fiction." ...". Here are excerpts from the quotes used by Jack Sarfatti:

'… The UFO ... is controlled by a non-human form of consciousness. ... ... it resembles a constantly moving film with an approximate optical depth of five microns [ 5,000 nm ], rather than a fixed metallic skin. ... the membrane seems to be agitated by random interface phenomena at the molecular level ... ... [Fastwalker is] ... saucer a hundred feet in diameter, silvery-gray in color, with an occasional glint of gold. The sound that came from it was a high-pitch melody that followed none of the known laws of music. The craft's surface shimmered under the spotlights, as if it were spinning rapidly. ... the disk had a superstructure like a cupola on its upper shell, with pulsing colors that resolved into successive levels of blue, red and green. ... Its physical shape seemed to change ever so slightly from minute to minute defying perspective, inducing a mild sense of vertigo ... The Fastwalker had changed shape again, and it began to glow with the intensity of a blaze. What they saw now was a rounded mass of light ninety feet wide and forty feet high. Its intensity resolved itself into successive layers of bluish and reddish radiation. ...the Doppler effect ... read … 1,801 km/h ... But it's not moving at all. ... inside the Fastwalker … the inside ...[is]... much bigger than the outside ...".

http://www.valdostamuseum.org/hamsmith/ETyesUFO.html

Compare to

"In 1968 Soviet physicist Victor Veselago predicted that electromagnetic waves travelling through materials with a negative permittivity and a negative permeability would do the opposite. The frequency should drop for a source moving towards an observer and increase for a source moving away. This is because the magnitude of the Doppler effect is proportional to the refractive index of the medium through which the waves propagate. Whereas the refractive index of air and all other natural media is greater than (or equal to) one, the index of the artificial materials considered by Veselago was negative.
The inverse Doppler effect has already been observed at radio frequencies, by two physicists at BAE Systems in the UK in 2003. This work involved tuning the dispersion properties of an electrical transmission line, then bouncing a radio-frequency wave off a moving current pulse within the line and measuring the wave's frequency shift.
Optical observation a first ... Now, a joint team led by Songlin Zhuang of the Shanghai University of Science and Technology and Min Gu of the Swinburne University of Technology in Australia has seen the effect at optical frequencies. To do this the researchers shone an infrared laser beam through a lattice of 2 µm diameter silicon rods attached to a moving platform and recorded the frequency shift of the light leaving the lattice. Being a photonic crystal, the lattice has a characteristic band-gap that forbids the passage of a narrow range of wavelengths, and the researchers say that by tuning the output of their laser so that its wavelength matched the edge of the bandgap they are able to negatively refract the laser light."
http://physicsworld.com/cws/article/news/45366

My point here is that if Jacques's "fiction" actually has a factual basis in classified information, then it is folkloric evidence for my idea below that a yet to be designed superconducting meta-material may be the basis for a low power practical "Type IV Civilization" (M. Kaku) weightless warp drive without the time-dilation problem of conventional impulse propulsion with non-zero g-force.

I meant to add Ray Chiao whose work in superconducting electromagnetic-gravity wave transducers is interesting and of immense importance - again if, like the Haisch-Moddell patent it can be really made to work.

See - http://faculty1.ucmerced.edu/rchiao/2.cfm?pm=113&lvl=3&menuid=117

New Direction for Gravity-Wave Physics via "Milikan Oil Drops"

Conceptual Tensions Between Quantum Mechanics and General Relativity: Are There Experimental Consequences?

Proposed Observations of Gravity Waves from the Early Universe via "Milikan Oil Drops"

Quantum Gravity: Planned Experiments at UC Merced

Can a Charged Ring Levitate a Neutral Polarizable Object? Can Earnshaw's Theorem Be Extended to Such Objects?

Time and Matter in the Interaction between Gravity and Quantum Fluids: Are There Microscopic Quantum Transducers between Gravitational and Electromagnetic Waves?

http://www.environmentalgraffiti.com/physics/news-quantum-vacuum-unlikely-alternative-energy-resource


Also John Cramer

http://www.seattlepi.com/local/292378_timeguy15.html

Going for a blast into the real past
If the experiment works, a signal could be received before it's sent

By TOM PAULSON
P-I REPORTER

If his experiment with splitting photons actually works, says University of Washington physicist John Cramer, the next step will be to test for quantum "retrocausality."

That's science talk for saying he hopes to find evidence of a photon going backward in time.also Yakir Aharonov who just got a medal at the White House from POTUS for

http://discovermagazine.com/2010/apr/01-back-from-the-future
Back From the Future
A series of quantum experiments shows that measurements performed in the future can influence the present. Does that mean the universe has a destiny—and the laws of physics pull us inexorably toward our prewritten fate?
by Zeeya Merali; photography by Adam Magyar
From the April 2010 issue; published online August 26, 2010

http://tinyurl.com/4uwn7cx

on advanced propulsion concepts - separate from rocket/solar/ion etc conventional propulsion concepts that the fellow from the Planetary Society into solar sails spoke of - that's not what I mean.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kardashev_scale

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JdILmgJGuvw

I mean Type IV manipulating spacetime itself (warp drive and wormholes). We may be able to jump right away from Type 0 to Type IV.

If we don't try it certainly won't happen. Therefore, nothing lost in at least discussing it in our group.

I have one very specific idea that might work.

Specifically nano-engineered meta-materials that superconduct at very high temperature may greatly amplify the coupling of applied electromagnetic energy to the warping of spacetime.

Basically the idea is that the effective gravity-EM coupling in the material is (index of refraction)^4G/c^4

(index of refraction) >> 1 in a superconductor - slowing light to a crawl (for some frequencies) so that small power gives huge warping.

permittivity and permeability negative, e.g. if this can be done in DC limit then a charged capacitor will anti-gravitate (negative electrostatic energy density).

Now, none of this may work, but if we don't try nothing will happen.

Separate from above is the control of dark energy.

Both of the above escape the time dilation problem!

The following excerpt is from the Relativity Rocket section of the Usenet Physics FAQ.

"The proper time as measured by the crew of the rocket (i.e. how much they age) will be denoted by T, and the time as measured in the non-accelerating frame of reference in which they started (e.g. Earth) will be denoted by t.  We assume that the stars are essentially at rest in this frame.  The distance covered as measured in this frame of reference will be denoted by d and the final speed v.  The time dilation or length contraction factor at any instant is the gamma factor γ.

... Here are some typical answers for a = 1g. (1 g is comfortable rate of acceleration for human beings, since it is equal to Earth's gravitational pull)

  T(ship)            t(Earth)               d                         v                                     γ
  1 year            1.19 yrs               0.56 lyrs            0.77c                              1.58 
  2                    3.75                    2.90                   0.97                                3.99
  5                    83.7                    82.7                   0.99993                          86.2
  8                    1,840                  1,839                 0.9999998                      1,895
 12                   113,243              113,242             0.99999999996              116,641

So in theory you can travel across the galaxy in just 12 years of your own time.  If you want to arrive at your destination and stop then you will have to turn your rocket around half way and decelerate at 1g.  In that case it will take nearly twice as long in terms of proper time T for the longer journeys; the Earth time t will be only a little longer, since in both cases the rocket is spending most of its time at a speed near that of light.  (We can still use the above equations to work this out, since although the acceleration is now negative, we can "run the film backwards" to reason that they still must apply.)

Here are some of the times you will age when journeying to a few well known space marks, arriving at low speed:

4.3 ly                  Alpha Centauri                               3.6 years
27 ly                   Vega                                              6.6 years
30,000 ly            Center of our galaxy                       20 years
2,000,000 ly       Andromeda galaxy                          28 years 


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PSQbIJKuIBY&feature=player_embedded#at=59

The professor is factually wrong claiming the Big Crunch contradicted by dark energy accelerating the universe forever.

What about Roger Penrose's cyclic universes theory - wrong for the same reason? Surely Penrose knows about dark energy.

http://physicsworld.com/cws/article/news/44388


I think I see Penrose's mistake that inflation cannot explain entropy. It can. I do it in my book Destiny Matrix and in the published IOP paper with Creon Levit (NASA AMES).
Mar 08
Subquantum Information and Computation
Antony Valentini
(Submitted on 11 Mar 2002 (v1), last revised 12 Apr 2002 (this version, v2))
"It is argued that immense physical resources - for nonlocal communication, espionage, and exponentially-fast computation - are hidden from us by quantum noise, and that this noise is not fundamental but merely a property of an equilibrium state in which the universe happens to be at the present time. It is suggested that 'non-quantum' or nonequilibrium matter might exist today in the form of relic particles from the early universe. We describe how such matter could be detected and put to practical use. Nonequilibrium matter could be used to send instantaneous signals, to violate the uncertainty principle, to distinguish non-orthogonal quantum states without disturbing them, to eavesdrop on quantum key distribution, and to outpace quantum computation (solving NP-complete problems in polynomial time)."
http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0203049


Signal locality (aka nonlocal communication, passion at a distance, no cloning an arbitrary quantum state etc) follows from the linearity and unitarity of the Schrodinger equation for multi-particle entangled states psi(x1,x2, ... xN) in configuration space

-ihpsi,t = Hpsi

H is a linear Hermitian operator

U = e^iHt/hbar is unitary

UU* = U*U = 1

However, when there is spontaneous broken symmetry we get a time dependent Landau-Ginzburg (TDLG) equation that is nonlinear for a LOCAL order parameter  PSI(x) condensate in ordinary space and generally has a non-unitary dissipative time dependence.

(-iah + b)PSI,t = H'PSI

N = e^iH't/hbar

NN* =/= 1

Therefore, signal nonlocality should happen in such a case when b =/= 0.

There is a large literature in soft-condensed matter physics for models of a and b for different complex systems.

In 2nd quantized notation

PSI(operator) = PSI(c-number condensate) + PSI(q-number)

PSI(q-number) = Sum over modes k dependent on boundary conditions ak

ak|nk> = nk^1/2|nk-1>  in Fock space

etc.

Therefore the complete TDLG equation will be coupled to INCOHERENT RANDOM micro-quantum q-number noise that does obey the normal quantum rules in configuration space. The c-number ground state condensate COHERENT NON-RANDOM "signal" in ordinary space obeys a new set of rules "More is different." (P.W. Anderson).

A time dependent Ginzburg-Landau equation and its application to the problem of resistivity in the mixed state
A Schmid - Zeitschrift für Physik B Condensed Matter, 1966 - Springer
A time dependent modification of the Ginzburg-Landau equation is given which is based on the
assumption that the functional derivative of the GirLzburg-Landau free energy expression with
respect to the wave function is a generalized force in the sense of irreversible thermo- ...
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Crossover from BCS to Bose superconductivity: Transition temperature and time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau theory
CAR Sá de Melo, M Randeria… - Physical review letters, 1993 - APS
... The time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau (TDGL) equation near T c is shown to describe a
damped mode in the BCS limit, and a propagating one in the Bose limit. A singular point is
identified at intermediate coupling where a simple TDGL description fails. ...
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The onset of superconductivity in the time dependent Ginzburg-Landau theory
H Schmidt - Zeitschrift für Physik A Hadrons and Nuclei, 1968 - Springer
... Using the time dependent Ginzburg-Landau equation the fluctuation of the current density
is calculated. ... Our calculations are based on the time- dependent Ginzburg-Landau
equations. Their validity, therefore, is restricted to small frequencies. ...
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Vortex motion and the Hall effect in type-II superconductors: A time-dependent Ginzburg-Landautheory approach
[PDF] from ufl.eduAT Dorsey - Physical Review B, 1992 - APS
... follows. In Sec. II the time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau equa- tions are presented
and discussed. In Sec. III we derive an equation of motion for a single vortex, starting
from the time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau equations. From ...
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Time dependent Ginzburg-Landau equations of superconductivity
Q Tang… - Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, 1995 - Elsevier
ELSEVIER Physica D 88 (1995) 139166 PHYSICA Time dependent GinzburgLandau equations
of superconductivity Qi Tanga'l, S. Wangb a Department of Mathematics Purdue University, West
Lafayette, IN 47907, USA b Department of Mathematics and The Institute for Scientific, ...
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Direct simulation of the time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau equation for type-II superconducting thin film: Vortex dynamics and VI characteristics
M Machida… - Physical review letters, 1993 - APS
We obtain the V-I characteristics of the type-II superconductors for thin film by numerically solving
the time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau equation coupled with the Maxwell equation in the
two-dimensional region. We observe a sequence of pulses in the time development of the ...
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Dynamics of perturbed wavetrain solutions to the Ginzburg-Landau equation
LR Keefe - Studies in Applied Mathematics, 1985 - adsabs.harvard.edu
... Abstract. The bifurcation structure and asymptotic dynamics of even, spatially periodic solutions
to the time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau equation are investigated analytically and numerically.
All solutions spring from unstable periodic modulations of a uniform wavetrain. ...
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Charge Conservation and Chemical Potentials in Time-Dependent Ginzburg-Landau Theory
TJ Rieger, DJ Scalapino… - Physical Review Letters, 1971 - APS
... obey the continuity equation. For a gapless system, Gor'kov and Eliashberg5 derived
from BCS theory a set of time-dependent local Ginzburg-Landau (GL) equations
which obey the continuity equation. Our final equations are ...
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Time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau theory of nonequilibrium relaxation
K Binder - Physical Review B, 1973 - APS
... A. Time-Dependent Ginzburg-Landau (TDGL) Equation A real-valued order-parameter field
o(r, t) is assumed obeying the equation - Ts 8 _t -a (1 Tc )(r, t )+Bo3},t - Cv2?(r, t) - H (f, t). (33)
Here a, B, C, and rT are phenomenological (posi- tive) parameters; Tc is the critical ...
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Time variation of the Ginzburg-Landau order parameter
E Abrahams… - Physical Review, 1966 - APS
... We use a nonequilibrium form of the Green's-function formulation of the BCS theory of
superconductivity to investigate the circumstances under which differential equations in space
and time, ie, "time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau equations," give a valid description of the space ...
Cited by 152 - Related articles - Library Search - All 8 versions