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https://www.academia.edu/5154144/Sarfattis_Stargate_Book_Version_of_Nov_19_2013_Work_in_Progress_

 

Oct 16, 2013 from Jack Sarfatti’s Stargate book under construction
Returning to Wheeler:
1) Equivalence principle
2) Geometry
3) Geodesic equation of motion of point test particles (aka Newton’s 1st Law first-order partial derivatives of the metric tensor field describe fictitious inertial pseudo-forces on the test particle corresponding to real forces on the detector)
4) Intrinsic tensor curvature geodesic deviation (disclinations of vectors parallel transported around closed loops in spacetime) from second order partial derivatives of the metric tensor field describing relative covariant tensor accelerations between two neighboring geodesic test particle each with zero g-force proper acceleration
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  • Jack Sarfatti One must use the LIF to distill the intrinsic geometry of the real Einstein gravity field. The LNIF is fool’s gold, MAYA, illusion, the shadow on the wall of Plato’s Cave that has ship wrecked many a careless mariner including Isaac Newton listening to the wiles of Circe. The LNIF is contingent random noise, all sound and fury a tale told by an idiot, and believed by sorry bastards, a fairy tale, a mask. Only Einstein escaped the Cave that Newton was trapped in. Of course, Newton had a good excuse. Newton’s “gravity force” is simply the real quantum electrodynamic force sustaining the static LNIFs. It is a fictitious pseudo-force as far as the observed test particle is concerned without any intrinsic objective reality, same ontic status as Coriolis and centrifugal pseudo-forces all parts of the LNIF Levi-Civita Christoffel symbols that depend only on first order partial derivatives of the metric tensor field. Einstein’s equivalence principle (EEP) relegates them to Prospero’s phantoms, the illusions of the Wizard of Oz behind the theater curtain of the world stage.
  • Jack Sarfatti There are three levels of the equivalence principle:
    1) Weak – uniqueness/universality of free fall known to Galileo – the motion of any freely falling point test particle (or center of mass of an extended object) in vacuum is independent of its composition and structure. “A test particle is … electrically neutral … negligible gravitational binding energy compared to its rest mass … negligible angular momentum … [negligible] inhomogeneities of the gravitational field within its volume … the ratio of inertial mass to the gravitational passive mass is the same for all bodies.” In every LIF the path of a force-free geodesic test particle is a straight line with constant speed in accord with Einstein’s 1905 special theory of relativity that works increasingly well as the scale shrinks compared to the scale of curvature radii until quantum gravity is reached where the curvature field itself has large random zero point quantum fluctuations. Although this scale is thought to be 10-35 meters, the hologram conjecture combined with cosmology give a quantum gravity scale that is twenty powers of ten larger at 10-15 meters ~ (Planck length x area-entropy of our future dark energy de Sitter event horizon) 1/3.
    2) Medium strong – metric theories of gravity. Einstein went beyond the weak form to the hypothesis that all the non-gravity laws of physics obey special relativity in a LIF in the same shrinking limit as above.
    3) Very strong – replace non-gravity laws of physics with all the laws of physics.
    In this book we assume 3) the very strong form as there is no experimental evidence yet that it is false.
  • Jack Sarfatti Fermi Normal Coordinates for the LIF’s Image of Intrinsic Geometry
    “The metric tensor can indeed be written using the Riemann (curvature) tensor, in a neighborhood of a spacetime event, in a freely falling non-rotating local inertial frame to second order in the separation δxi from the origin” where i,j,k,l are spacelike (outside local light cones with origins at the spacetime event of interest) 1,2,3 indices. The Taylor series expansion to lowest non-vanishing order for the LIF is 
    g00 ~ - 1 – R0i0jδxiδxj for the gravity redshift
    g0k ~ - (2/3)R0ikj δxiδxj for the LIF drag gravimagnetic field
    gkl ~ δkl – (1/3)Rkilj δxiδxj for the curved spacelike 3-geometry
    Next, consider what the physically coincident LNIF metric looks like including the first order terms that are zero in the LIF. Here u,v,w,z = 1’,2’,3’ for LNIF like i,j,k,l = 1,2,3 for the coincident LIF.
    g’0’0’ ~ - 1 – Γu0’0’δxu – R’0’u0’vδxuδxv 
    g’0’v ~ - Γu0’vδxu - (2/3)R’0’uvw δxuδxw 
    g’uv ~ δuv - Γwuvδxw – (1/3)R’uwvz δxwδxz 
    Newton’s gravity force is purely 100% fictitious and corresponds to the first order in separation δxu from the origin of the LNIF Levi-Civita connection Γ terms, which by the equivalence principle, vanish in the physically coincident LIF.
    Kornel Lanzcos in “On the Problem of Rotation in the General Theory of Relativity” proved that in any LNIF for test particle rest mass m:
    1) mg0’0’-1Γu0’0’ independent of the test particle’s velocity corresponds both to Newton’s gravity fictitious force – GMmr/r3 in the particular contingent choice of the static LNIF and to the centrifugal force mwxwxr in the particular contingent choice of a uniformly rotating LNIF with angular momentum pseudo-vector w along the rotation axis. That we are in the slow speed weak curvature limit is understood.
    2) 2mg0’0’-1Γu0’v’dxv/dτ linear in the velocity of the test particle is the Coriolis fictitious force 2mwxv analogous to the magnetic Lorentz force in Maxwell’s electrodynamics and to the vortex force in irrotational hydrodynamics. The Greek symbol τ refers to proper clock time along the world line of the test particle.
    3) Finally, mg0’0’-1Γuvw (dxv/dτ) (dxw/dτ) quadratic in the velocity of the test particle is also a fictitious force that has no name and is usually too small to measure. 
    All of these fictitious forces blow up at horizons where the LNIF g0’0’ vanishes.
    The relative covariant tensor acceleration between two freely-falling geodesic test particles each with zero local proper tensor acceleration, is
    d2δxα/dt2 ~ Rα0μ0δxμ equation of geodesic deviation
  • Jack Sarfatti On Oct 15, 2013, at 1:31 PM, JACK SARFATTI wrote:

    Wheeler on the relation of gravity to the electro-weak-strong interactions – local gauge and string theories:


    “What of the other forces of nature? Every other force – the electric force that rules the motion of the atomic electrons, the weak nuclear force that governs the emission of electrons and neutrinos from radioactive nuclei, and the strong nuclear force that holds together the constituents of particles heavier than the electron – demands … a geometry of more than four dimensions, perhaps as many as ten. The extra six dimensions are envisaged as curled up into an ultra-small cavity, with one such cavity at each point in spacetime. … The theories of the unification of forces with greatest promise today all have this striking feature that they, like the battle-tested, but simpler and older Einstein gravitation theory, build themselves on the [vanishing] boundary of a boundary principle, though in a higher dimensional version … Elie Cartan’s penetrating insight … from the grip of spacetime on mass to the grip of mass on spacetime, and from the automatic conservation of momentum-energy … the unfolding of all this from ‘the one-dimensional boundary of the two-dimensional boundary of a three-dimensional region is zero’ and the ‘two-dimensional boundary of the three-dimensional boundary of a four-dimensional region is zero.’” Pp. 9,10

    All four interactions are boson local gauge theories of different groups of local frame transformations also called “gauge transformations” needing the mathematics of fiber bundles. Maxwell’s electromagnetism mediated by spin 1 massless spin 1 vector photons corresponds to the internal U(1) group that can be pictured as a circle “fiber” at each point on the “base” spacetime. Think of the circle as a one handed Salvador Dali clock. The clock hand can be moved locally at each spacetime point independently of all the other clocks at other spacetime points only because there is an induced connection field, analogous to the Levi-Civita connection (more precisely its more fundamental spin connection from which it derives) connecting the different fibers. Moving each local clock hand arbitrarily induces a gauge transformation in the connection field. The connection field supplies a covariant derivative and parallel transport of objects through the fiber space corresponding to world lines in the projected base space-time beneath it. The disclination curvature in closed loops in the fiber space corresponds to the electromagnetic field tensor. Similarly for the SU(2) group of the weak interaction which has three “flavor” quanta called the spin 1 vector W-bosons with electric charges +1, 0, -1 of the electron’s charge. Now we have a three-dimensional hyper-sphere bounding a four-dimensional internal fiber space not to be confused with spacetime. These W-bosons have rest masses from the Higgs spin 0 boson because of a kind of superconductivity that forms in the moment of inflation from a false vacuum at the Alpha Point creation of our observable universe (aka “causal diamond”) bounded in the past by an observer-dependent particle horizon and in the future by an observer-dependent de Sitter dark energy event horizon. Both of these cosmological horizons have quantum thermodynamic hologram computational capacity and they emit Hawking radiation. Our past history pre-selected particle horizon emits retarded Hawking radiation to us here-now along our past light cone. Our future destiny post-selected de Sitter event horizon sends us back-from-the-future advanced Wheeler-Feynman Hawking radiation that happens to have the same energy density as the anti-gravity dark energy accelerating the rate of expansion of three-dimensional inter-galactic space. This is not a meaningless random Darwinian coincidence. There is the w-problem that dark energy needs w < -1/3 whilst retarded Hawking radiation has w = +1/3. However, we also have the Unruh effect here that the w = +1/3 Hawking blackbody radiation seen in LNIFs whose temperature is proportional to its local proper accelerometer reading, looks like w = -1 zero point radiation in coincident LIFs both connected to each other by tetrad transformations via the Einstein Equivalence Principle (EEP).

    Returning to the strong interaction, the internal group is SU(3) with eight massless spin 1 vector gluon quanta corresponding to an eight-dimensional hyper-sphere fiber bounding a nine-dimensional internal fiber space at each point in spacetime. The spin 0 Higgs boson does not directly interact with the eight “color” gluons that bind the spin ½ quarks into hadrons. The photon does not directly interact with itself, unlike the three weak massive W-bosons and the eight strong massless gluons which do interact with themselves respectively as well as with each other. Each boson charge of the internal groups is a hermitian generator of the Lie algebra of the unitary Lie group. SU2 and SU3 Lie algebras have non-vanishing commutators of these internal charges. This implies Heisenberg uncertainty relations for simultaneous quantum measurements of the internal weak flavor and strong color charges. It is this incompatibility of the charges that causes the self-interactions.

    We have a similar situation with gravity as a local gauge fiber bundle. We now have four mutually commuting tetrad charges that form the momentum-energy Hermitian observables in the LIF tangent space-fiber over spacetime base space. However, in addition we have the six spin-connection charges consisting of three space-rotation angular momenta and three Lorentz boosts. All ten of these charges form the non-commuting Lie algebra of the Poincare group, which unlike the electro-weak-strong unitary groups is not compact. However, the failure of the ten charges of the Poincare group to mutually commute completely causes the non-linear self-interaction of the massless spin 2 tensor gravitons of classical GR. The classical near fields of all of these four basic interactions consist of “super conducting” macro-quantum coherent Glauber states of off-shell virtual bosons with all possible polarizations. This is in contrast to the far-field radiations consisting of Glauber coherent states of massless photons or massless gravitons with only two transverse polarization states. One point of interest is that the gravity quanta are spin 1 vector bosons at Dirac square root LIF tetrad/spin connection level of the formalism. Einstein’s 1916 GR is a constrained limiting case of the local gauge theory just described in which zero dynamical dislocation torsion is imposed ad hoc giving only dynamical geodesic deviation disclination curvature. In this limiting case, the six spin-connection components are no longer an independent dynamical field, but are determined from the LIF tetrads (consisting of a spacelike triad and a timelike tangent vector). One can also use the complex Penrose light cone null tetrads. These spin 1 vector boson tetrad fields then entangle in pairs to get spin 0, spin 1 and spin 2 “gravitons.” However, the spin 0 and spin 1 must get rest masses via the Higgs bosons because we do not directly detect them at macroscopic distances.
  • Jack Sarfatti Wheeler’s Version of Einstein’s Geometrodynamics
    Rocklike (IT) spacetime, in addition to David Bohm’s thoughtlike (BIT) quantum potential Q that operates from beyond spacetime, tells mass how to move on free-float weightless timelike geodesics where accelerometers measure zero local proper tensor acceleration. That is the action. The reaction is mass telling spacetime how to curve. If Einstein’s 1916 geometrodynamics is merely a limiting case of Cartan’s extension to it, then quantum spin and possibly orbital angular momentum of mass tell spacetime how to torsion causing dislocation cracks in the quantum gravity world crystal lattice of Hagen Kleinert, which must have a Fermi lattice spacing of 10-15 meters not Planck spacing of 10-35 meters if the ‘t Hooft-Susskind causal diamond observable universe is a hologram simulation is correct. This suggests a Yukawa strong finite-range micro gravity picture of nuclear forces with spin 0, spin1 and spin 2 components at the 1 Gev scale. Abdus Salam had such a spin 2 f-gravity idea in the early 1970’s, which, as I pointed out to him corresponded to the universal slope of Regge trajectories of hadronic string theory resonances that could be pictured as Kerr-type quantum black holes. Their Hawking radiation evaporation time would correspond to their instability. As of 2013 there is a newer model connecting two SU(3) theories to quantum gravity.

    Returning to Wheeler:
    1) Equivalence principle
    2) Geometry
    3) Geodesic equation of motion of point test particles (aka Newton’s 1st Law first-order partial derivatives of the metric tensor field describe fictitious inertial pseudo-forces on the test particle corresponding to real forces on the detector)
    4) Intrinsic tensor curvature geodesic deviation (disclinations of vectors parallel transported around closed loops in spacetime) from second order partial derivatives of the metric tensor field describing relative covariant tensor accelerations between two neighboring geodesic test particle each with zero g-force proper acceleration.

    One must use the LIF to distill the intrinsic geometry of the real Einstein gravity field. The LNIF is fool’s gold, MAYA, illusion, the shadow on the wall of Plato’s Cave that has ship wrecked many a careless mariner including Isaac Newton listening to the wiles of Circe. The LNIF is contingent random noise, all sound and fury a tale told by an idiot, and believed by sorry bastards, a fairy tale, a mask. Only Einstein escaped the Cave that Newton was trapped in. Of course, Newton had a good excuse. Newton’s “gravity force” is simply the real quantum electrodynamic force sustaining the static LNIFs. It is a fictitious pseudo-force as far as the observed test particle is concerned without any intrinsic objective reality, same ontic status as Coriolis and centrifugal pseudo-forces all parts of the LNIF Levi-Civita Christoffel symbols that depend only on first order partial derivatives of the metric tensor field. Einstein’s equivalence principle (EEP) relegates them to Prospero’s phantoms, the illusions of the Wizard of Oz behind the theater curtain of the world stage.
  • Jack Sarfatti Fermi Normal Coordinates for the LIF’s Image of Intrinsic Geometry
    “The metric tensor can indeed be written using the Riemann (curvature) tensor, in a neighborhood of a spacetime event, in a freely falling non-rotating local inertial frame to second order in the separation δxi where i,j,k,l are spacelike (outside local light cones with origins at the spacetime event of interest) 1,2,3 indices. The Taylor series expansion to lowest non-vanishing order is 
    g00 ~ - 1 – R0i0jδxiδxj for the gravity redshift
    g0k ~ - (2/3)R0ikj δxiδxj for the LIF drag gravimagnetic field
    gkl ~ δkl – (1/3)Rkilj δxiδxj for the curved spacelike 3-geometry
    The relative covariant tensor acceleration between two freely-falling geodesic test particles each with zero local proper tensor acceleration, is
    d2δxα/dt2 ~ R^α0μ0δxμ is the equation of geodesic deviation

 

Stargate



Making Star Trek Real



Jack Sarfatti
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  • Jack Sarfatti Preface

    I adopt as a working hypothesis that the flying saucers are real and that they get here through stargates that are shortcut tunnels in Einstein’s spacetime continuum. The task is then to see what modern physics has to say about such a scenario even if it’s not true. Whether or not it’s true is beside the point and I will not discuss the actual UFO evidence, good, bad and bogus in this book. I will also write about quantum theory and its relation to computing, consciousness, cosmology, the hologram universe and ending in a scenario for Stephen Hawking’s “Mind of God.” That Hawking thinks God is not necessary is again is beside the point. A good layman’s background reference here is Enrico Rodrigo’s “The Physics of Stargates: Parallel Universes, Time Travel and the Enigma of Wormhole Physics.” If you have the patience, Leonard Susskind’s Stanford University lectures in physics online videos are also worth the effort for the serious student
  • Jack Sarfatti Chapter 1 Einstein’s Theory of Relativity in a Nutshell

    Here I follow “Gravitation and Inertia” by Ignazio Ciufolini and John Archibald Wheeler, which is a more up to date sequel to the Misner, Thorne, Wheeler classic book “Gravitation.”

    “Gravity is not a foreign and physical force transmitted through space and time. It is a manifestation of the curvature of spacetime.” Albert Einstein

    “First, there was the idea of Riemann that space, telling mass how to move, must itself – by the principle of action and reaction – be affected by mass. It cannot be an ideal Euclidean perfection, standing in high mightiness above the battles of matter and energy. Space geometry must be a participant in the world of physics.” John Archibald Wheeler (aka JAW) 

    “Second, there was the contention of Ernst Mach that the ‘acceleration relative to absolute space’ of Newton is only properly understood when it is viewed as acceleration relative to the sole significant mass there really is.” JAW

    The above statement is now obsolete since ordinary matter in the form of baryons, electrons, photons etc. is now known to be not more that approximately 5% of all the gravitating stuff that we can see in the past light cones of our telescopes. About 70% is large-scale anti-gravitating dark energy accelerating the expansion speed of 3D space. Random quantum vacuum zero point virtual photons and other spin 1 and spin 2 quanta in quantum field theory have negative pressure three times greater than their positive energy density and may be dark energy. The remaining approximately 25% is clumped shorter-scale gravitating dark matter that holds galaxies together. Random quantum vacuum zero point virtual electron-positron and other spin ½ quanta have positive pressure three times greater than their negative energy density causing attractive gravity like dark matter. If dark matter is this quantum vacuum effect dictated by local Lorentz covariance and Einstein’s Equivalence Principle (aka EEP), then none of the attempts to measure real on-mass-shell particles whizzing through space to explain dark matter will succeed. There are, however, “f(R)” MOND variations of Einstein’s general relativity that attempt to explain both dark matter and dark energy.
  • Jack Sarfatti “According to this ‘Mach Principle,’ inertia here arises from mass there.” JAW

    This is summarized in Einstein’s 1915 local tensor field equation relating the source stress-energy current densities of matter fields to the curvature of spacetime locally coincident with matter currents. However, when we solve those local field equations we have to impose global boundary/initial conditions and use the method of Green’s function propagators to see how matter currents here change spacetime curvature there. The “inertia” in Wheeler’s statement above refers to the pattern of force-free time like geodesic paths of test particles whose mass is small enough to neglect their distortion of the local curvature gravity field. The word “inertia” in the context of Mach’s principle above does not refer at all to the actual rest masses of the test particles. Indeed, the test particle rest masses cancel out of the timelike geodesic equations of motion that correspond to Newton’s first law of motion. Galileo first understood this though he did not have the modern mathematical concepts I am using here. 

    “Third was that great insight of Einstein that … ‘free fall is free float’: the equivalence principle, one of the best tested principles of physics, from the inclined tables of Galilei and the pendulum experiments of Galilei, Huygens, and Newton to the highly accurate torsion balance measurements of the twentieth century, and the Lunar Laser Ranging experiment … With these three clues vibrating in his head, the magic of mind opened to Einstein what remains one of mankind’s most precious insights: gravity is manifestation of spacetime curvature.”

    What should we mean by the word “inertia” and what is its relation to gravity? Wheeler means: “The local equivalence of ‘gravitation’ and ‘inertia,’ or the local cancellation of the gravitational field by local inertial frames … A gravitational field is affected by mass-energy distributions and currents, as are the local inertial frames. Gravitational field and local inertial frames are both characterized by the spacetime metric, which is determined by the mass-energy distributions and currents.”
  • Jack Sarfatti The same term “gravitational field” is used in several different meanings depending on context. When Wheeler talks about the “cancellation of the gravitational field by local inertial frames” he means Newton’s universally attracting radial 1/r2 field from a spherically symmetric source mass. In the tensor calculus language of Einstein’s 1916 general theory of relativity of gravitation, Newton’s gravity field is a piece of the Levi-Civita connection terms in the directional covariant derivative of the linear four-momentum of a test particle with respect to the proper clock time along its path or world line in four-dimensional spacetime. The second meaning of “gravitational field” is the tensor curvature, which is the rotational covariant partial derivative “curl” of the Levi-Civita connection with respect to itself. Einstein’s theory is a local classical field theory whose measurable properties or “observables” must be tensors and spinors. 

    The local geometrodynamic field moves massive test particles in force-free inertial motion on timelike geodesics, but do not back-react on the geometrodynamic field. We distinguish test particles from source masses, which generate the geometrodynamic field in a similar way to how electric charges generate the electromagnetic field.
  • Jack Sarfatti Contrary to popular misconceptions, although the local laws of classical physics have the same “tensor” and/or “spinor” form for all motions of detectors measuring all the observable possessed by the “test particles”, there are privileged dynamical motions of the test particles in Einstein’s two theories of relativity special 1905 and general 1916. This was in Einstein’s words “My happiest thought.” These privileged motions are called “geodesic” motions or “world lines.” Test particles are distinguished from “source particles.” It is an approximation that test particles do not significantly modify the fields acting on them. They are, strictly speaking, a useful contradiction of the metaphysical principle of no action of Alice on Bob without a direct “back-reaction” of Bob on Alice. Massless point test particles in what physicists call the “classical limit” move on “null” or “lightlike” geodesics. Test particles with mass m move on timelike geodesics that are inside the “light cone” formed by all the light rays that might be emitted from that test particle if it were electrically charged and if it were really accelerating. The latter is a “counter-factual” statement. Look that up on Google.  The key point is that Alice is weightless when traveling on a timelike geodesic inside her two local light cones past and future. There are no real forces F acting on Alice. On the contrary, Bob who is measuring Alice with a detector (aka “measuring apparatus”) need not be on another timelike geodesic. He can be off-geodesic because real forces can be acting on him causing him to feel weight. The real forces acting on Bob appear as “fictitious” “inertial pseudo-forces” acting on Alice from Bob’s frame of reference. The only real forces in nature that we know about in 2013 are the electro-magnetic, the weak and the strong. Gravity is not a real force in Einstein’s theory. Gravity is one of the fictitious forces described above. Real forces on test particles, unlike all fictitious forces on them, are not universal. Fictitious inertial pseudo-forces that appear to, but are not really acting on the observed test particles all depend on the mass m of the test particle.
  • Jack Sarfatti The operational litmus test to distinguish a real force from a fictitious inertial pseudo-force is what an accelerometer rigidly clamped to the observed test particle measures. I repeat, because many engineers and even some physicists get muddled on what should be an elementary physics idea: Einstein’s “happiest thought” that led to his general theory of relativity in the first place, was his epiphany that an accelerometer clamped to a freely falling object on a timelike geodesic path (i.e., world line) would not register any g-force (i.e., any weight). The apparent kinematical acceleration of a freely falling test particle seen in the gravitational field of the surface of Earth is because the surface of rigid Earth at every point on it has radially outward proper tensor acceleration whilst the test particle itself has zero proper tensor acceleration. The accelerometer on the test particle registers zero. The accelerometer at a point on the surface of Earth registers the “weight” an object of rest mass m clamped to it. That every point on a rigid sphere is accelerating radially outward is hard for common sense engineers and laymen to comprehend. It seems crazy to common sense, but that is precisely the counter-intuitive Alice in Wonderland reality of Einstein’s curved spacetime that is battle-tested by very accurate experiments. Consequently, if Alice and Eve are each on separate timelike geodesics very close to each other and if Bob who is not on a timelike geodesic of his own due to real forces acting on him, then Alice and Eve will have the same kinematical acceleration relative to Bob and they will both feel weightless though Bob feels weight – also called “g-force.” This causes a lot of confusion, especially to aerospace missile engineers and high-energy particle physicists, because Newton did consider gravity to be a real force, but Einstein did not. Gravity is not a force. Gravity is the curvature tensor of four-dimensional space-time. What Newton thought of as a real gravity force, is demoted to a fictitious inertial pseudo-force in Einstein’s theory. In the language of the late John Archibald Wheeler, gravity is a “force without Force”. The best local frame invariant way to think about gravity in an objective local frame-independent way is the pattern of both light like and timelike geodesics whose source is the “stress-energy density tensor field” Tuv of matter. By matter we mean spin 1/2 leptons, quarks, and the spin 1 electromagnetic-weak-strong gauge bosons as well as the spin 0 Higgs vacuum superconductor field that formed only when our observable piece of the multiverse called the “causal diamond” popped out of the false vacuum about 13.7 billion years ago.
  • Jack Sarfatti http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flying_saucer 
    “For years it was thought that the Schwarzschild spacetime did in fact exhibit some sort of radial singularity at r = 2GM/c2. Eventually physicists came to realize that it was not Schwarzschild spacetime th
    ...See More
    en.wikipedia.org
    A flying saucer (also referred to as a flying disc) is a type of described flying craft with a disc or saucer-shaped body, commonly used generically to refer to any anomalous flying object. In 1947 the term was coined but was later officially supplanted by the United States Air Force in 1952 with th...
  • Jack Sarfatti A firewall is a hypothetical phenomenon where an observer that falls into an old black hole encounters high-energy quanta at (or near) the event horizon. The "firewall" phenomenon was proposed in 2012 by Almheiri, Marolf, Polchinski, and Sully [1] as a possible solution to an apparent inconsistency in black hole complementarity. The proposal is often referred to as the "AMPS" firewall, an acronym for the names of the authors of the 2012 paper. However, the occurrence of this phenomenon was proposed eleven years earlier by Friedwardt Winterberg,[2] and is very different from Hawking radiation.
    The firewall hypothesis, like black hole complementarity, is quantum gravitational. It arises (in part) from the conjecture that once an old black hole has emitted a sufficiently large amount of Hawking radiation, the mixed quantum state of the black hole is highly entangled with the state of the Hawking radiation thus far emitted. Firewalls are a dramatic change from the usual assumption that quantum gravity is unimportant except in regions of spacetime where the radius of spacetime curvature is on the order of the Planck length; large black holes have low curvature near the event horizon.
    However, according to Winterberg,[2] a correct theory of quantum gravity cannot ignore the zero point vacuum energy. Because it must be cut off at the Planck energy, Lorentz invariance is violated at high energies, creating a preferred reference system in which the zero-point energy is at rest. In approaching and crossing the event horizon at the velocity of light in the preferred reference system, an elliptic differential equation holding matter in a stable equilibrium goes over in a hyperbolic differential equation where there is no such equilibrium, with all matter disintegrating into gamma rays without loss of information or violation of unitarity, as it has been observed in cosmic gamma ray bursters.
    The firewall idea seems to be related to the "energetic curtain" around a black hole, proposed by Braunstein,[3] but it depends on the unproven conjecture that a black hole entropy is entirely entropy of entanglementhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Firewall_(physics)
    en.wikipedia.org
    A firewall is a hypothetical phenomenon where an observer that falls into an old black hole encounters high-energy quanta at (or near) the event horizon. The "firewall" phenomenon was proposed in 2012 by Almheiri, Marolf, Polchinski, and Sully[1] as a possible solution to an apparent inconsistency i...
  • Jack Sarfatti “What is it that breathes fire into the equations and makes a universe for them to describe? … However, if we discover a complete theory, it should in time be understandable by everyone, not just by a few scientists. Then we shall all, philosophers, scientists and just ordinary people, be able to take part in the discussion of the question of why it is that we and the universe exist. If we find the answer to that, it would be the ultimate triumph of human reason -- for then we should know the mind of God.” (P.193), A Brief History of Time.
    Rodrigo shows that the classical energy conditions and chronology protection arguments against time travel to the past as well as the quantum inequality restrictions on negative energy balanced by positive energy are not likely to be fatal barriers against stargate technology.
    Wikipedia has now become quite reliable for physics/math articles after a rocky start of several years especially on biographies of living movers and shakers. Rather than repeat standard content on technical jargon that is prerequisite to understanding this book I give URLs to Wikipedia and, at times, other explanations.
    The same idea appears in quantum theory in David Bohm’s interpretation. Orthodox quantum theory violates Wheeler’s philosophical principle of action and reaction. The quantum information field Q acts on the classical particles and fields without any direct reaction of the latter on the former. Then, and only then, is it impossible to use entanglement as a stand alone communication channel not requiring a classical signal key to decrypt the message at only one end of the entangled whole. In other words, “background independence” in Einstein’s 1916 general relativity is equivalent to entanglement signal nonlocality violating orthodox quantum theory. The non-dynamical spacetime background of Einstein’s 1905 special relativity is equivalent to the “no signaling” circular arguments of Abner Shimony’s “passion at a distance.”
    http://www.skyandtelescope.com/news/84347742.html 
    http://arxiv.org/pdf/1302.6165v1.pdf http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vacuum_state
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virtual_particle
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorentz_covariance 
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Green's_function 
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geodesic 
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Levi-Civita_connection 
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Covariant_derivative
    www.skyandtelescope.com
    With seven years of data, the WMAP cosmology satellite has refined the age of the universe and other key cosmic parameters. The results strengthen the "standard model" of inflationary cosmology.
  • Jack Sarfatti http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riemann_curvature_tensor 
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vector_calculus 
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tensor 
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spinor 
    Newton’s particle mechanics and Einstein’s 1905 special theory of rel
    ...See More
    en.wikipedia.org
    In the mathematical field of differential geometry, the Riemann curvature tensor, or Riemann–Christoffel tensor after Bernhard Riemann and Elwin Bruno Christoffel, is the most standard way to express curvature of Riemannian manifolds. It associates a tensor to each point of a Riemannian manifold (i....
     
Wheeler's old idea that there is only one electron works well with his mass without mass, charge without charge idea in a Kerr-Newman wormhole if Gmicro = 10^40Gmacro because the positrons are unstable white hole mouths leaving only stable black hole electron mouths. So C-violation (matter-antimatter asymmetry) is explained. This also requires Bohm's ontological beable (IT) quantum potential (BIT) pilot wave interpretation of quantum mechanics.
    •  
    •  
       
      Fifth FQXi Essay Contest: It From Bit, or Bit From It?
      lnkd.in
      The Fifth essay contest from the Foundational Questions Institute is now underway. The topic is about whether information is more fundamental than material objects. The subject is similar to the co...
    • Jack Sarfatti IT FROM BIT + BIT FROM IT = Conscious Universe as a John Archibald Wheeler Self-Excited Self-Organizing Circuit.
    • Jack Sarfatti http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Archibald_Wheeler
      en.wikipedia.org
      John Archibald Wheeler (July 9, 1911 – April 13, 2008) was an Americantheoretica...See More
    • Jack Sarfatti Michael Towler wrote about my theory: "Living matter and back-action
      In certain dark corners of the internet, can find speculation of the following nature:
      • Propose the wave function/pilot wave is intrinsically ‘mental’ and capable of qualia.
      • Equate
      the pilot wave with the mental aspect of the universe, generally: the
      particles are ‘matter’, and ‘mind’ the pilot wave.
      OK, who cares, except..
      • ‘Mental’ aspect of universe upgradeable to life/consciousness by self-organization.
      Happens when a physical system uses its own nonlocality in its organization.
      • In this case a feedback loop is created, as follows: system configures itself so as to
      set up its own pilot wave, which in turn directly affects its physical configuration,
      which then affects its non-local pilot wave, which affects the configuration etc..
      • Normally in QM this ‘back-action’ is not taken into account. The wave guides
      the particles but back-action of particle onto wave not systematically calculated.
      Of course, the back-action is physically real since particle movement determines
      initial conditions for next round of calculation. But there is no systematic way to
      characterize such feedback. One reason this works in practice is that for systems
      that are not self-organizing the back-action may not exert any systematic effect.
      Well, it’s not obviously wrong..!
      [see p.346, Bohm and Hiley’s Undivided Universe).]
    • Jack Sarfatti Towler continued: "Two-way traffic
      Important to note that pilot-wave theory does not take into account any effect of
      individual particle on its own quantum field (though Bohm and Hiley briefly sketch
      some ideas about how this might happen, see e.g. Und
      ivided Universe pp. 345-346).
      • Idea that particles collectively affect quantum field of a single particle is contained in the standard
      notion that shape of quantum field of a particle is determined by shape of environment (which
      consists of many particles, and is part of the boundary conditions put into the Schr¨odinger equation
      before solving it, even in conventional QM).
      • Celebrity nutjob Jack Sarfatti (see e.g., er.. www.stardrive.org) in particular has emphasized
      the need for an explanation of how the individual particle influences its own field and has proposed
      mechanisms for such ‘back-action’, also emphasizing its importance in understanding the mindmatter
      relationship and how consciousness arises (see earlier slide).
      • Assuming that notion of such an influence of the particle on its field can be coherently developed,
      we can then have two-way traffic between the mental and the physical levels without reducing one
      to the other. Role of Bohm’s model of the quantum system then would be that it provides a kind of
      prototype that defines a more general class of systems in which a field of information is connected
      with a material body by a two-way relationship.
      • Quantum theory is currently our most fundamental theory of matter and Bohm suggests that, when
      ontologically interpreted, it reveals a proto-mental aspect of matter. This is the quantum field,
      described mathematically by the wave function, which is governed by the Schr¨odinger equation.
      Bohm’s suggestion is known as panprotopsychism.. so at least you learned a new word today..!"
      stardrive.org
      Stardrive, ISEP, Internet Science Education Project
       
      Jack Sarfatti You are 100% correct on this Chris.
      However, I think the FX version will allow comments on their website. If that is really so, then you and others should post your comments on the submissions as well submit an essay. I will try to work on one myself -
      though I will be in London, Paris, South of France etc. during April & May.

      On Mar 27, 2013, at 12:07 PM, Chris Langan <cml325@gmail.com> wrote:

      Of course, everyone is aware that SciAm and Templeton are markedly slanted in their approaches.
      Speaking just for myself, past experience suggests that if one deviates in any way from their preferred viewpoints - respectively, atheistic physicalism and "humility theology", which essentially holds that theological truth is inaccessible and should be abandoned in favor of religious syncretism and mere "reconciliation" between science and religion - then one has approximately a snowball's chance in hell of winning the competition. (If your name has ever been mentioned by anyone at all in the same breath as, say, Intelligent Design, then your chances are somewhat worse.)
      On the other hand, if one's ideas already fall within those guidelines, then one may do just fine.

      On Wed, Mar 27, 2013 at 1:37 PM, Jack Sarfatti <sarfatti@pacbell.net> wrote:
      I think its same one as fx?

      Sent from my iPhone

      On Mar 27, 2013, at 10:04 AM, David Mathes <davidmathes8@yahoo.com> wrote:

      Jack

      John Templeton Foundation sponsors an interesting essay contest that just opened up...closes in

      http://fqxi.org/community/essay

      Topical: The theme for this Essay Contest is: "It from Bit or Bit from It?"
      The past century in fundamental physics has shown a steady progression away from thinking about physics, at its deepest level, as a description of material objects and their interactions, and towards physics as a description of the evolution of information about and in the physical world. Moreover, recent years have shown an explosion of interest at the nexus of physics and information, driven by the "information age" in which we live, and more importantly by developments in quantum information theory and computer science.

      We must ask the question, though, is information truly fundamental or not?
      Yes.
      Can we realize John Wheeler’s dream,

      Yes.
      or is it unattainable?

      No.
      We ask: ”It From Bit or Bit From It?”

      False dichotomy. It's both forming a creative self-organizing "self-excited circuit" of conscious intent.

      Michael Towler brilliantly describes my proposal on this in his Lecture 8 http://www.tcm.phy.cam.ac.uk/~mdt26/pilot_waves.html

      Possible topics or sub-questions include, but are not limited to:
      What IS information?
      That's an easy one: the Bohm quantum potential Q in particle mechanics and its generalization to field theory.

      John Leslie reviews 'The Undivided Universe' by David Bohm ...
      www.lrb.co.uk/v16/n09/john-leslie/the-absolute-now
      The Absolute Now. John Leslie. The Undivided Universe: An Ontological Interpretation of Quantum Theory by David Bohm, translated by Basil Hiley Routledge ...
      The Undivided Universe: An Ontological Interpretation ... - Amazon.ca
      www.amazon.ca › ... › New & Used Textbooks › Humanities › Philosophy
      In the The Undivided Universe, David Bohn and Basil Hiley present a ... Review. ' This is a brilliant book, of great depth and originality. Every physicist and ...
      One must also look at the pixelated cosmological horizons both past and future in which their area-entropies A may be the projective hologram screens where

      N = A/Lp^2 = A^3/2/L^3 ~ 10^123 asymptotically into the far future

      L = 3D voxel scale (quantum of volume of the hologram image)

      We are inside these past and future cosmological 2D anyonic topological computing horizons at the exact center always at each point along our world line.

      Tamara Davis, Ph.D. Fig 1.1c http://dark.nbi.ku.dk/people/tamara/
      What is its relation to “Reality”?

      Depends what you mean by the word. If one means the totality of possible measurement patterns, then if one believes that the world is a quantum bit hologram image simulation, then matter is the hologram image projected both ways in time from our observer-dependent past particle and future de Sitter dark energy cosmological horizons inside the light speed limited "causal diamond" of our subjective observable universe.

      The hardware hologram screens are the horizons where g00 = 0 in the static LNIF representation of the cosmological metric.

      For example, for static LNIF observers with proper accelerations

      g(r) ~ c^2g00^-1/2dg00/dr

      g00 ~ 1 - r^2/A

      where WE are always at r = 0

      How does nature (the universe and the things therein) “store” and “process” information?
      How does understanding information help us understand physics, and vice-versa?
      (Note: While this topic is broad, successful essays will not use this breadth as an excuse to shoehorn in the author's pet topic, but will rather keep as their central focus the theme of whether information or “material” objects are more fundamental.)

      Additionally, to be consonant with FQXi's scope and goals, essays should be primarily concerned with physics (mainly quantum physics, high energy 'fundamental' physics, and gravity), cosmology (mainly of the early universe), or closely related fields (such as astrophysics, astrobiology, biophysics, mathematics, complexity and emergence, and philosophy of physics), insofar as they bear directly on questions in physics or cosmology.
      Foundational: This Contest is limited to works addressing, in one of its many facets, our understanding of the deep or "ultimate" nature of reality.

      Submission: Essays and accompanying material must be submitted online using the webform between the dates of March 25, 2013, and June 28, 2013 (until 11:59PM Eastern Time). Applicants must provide accurate contact information, an abstract of their essay, a brief biographical statement, and their essay.

      D