Jack Sarfatti shared a link.Yesterday near San FranciscoWhat people do not seem to understand is that the vacuum Higgs field is a Glauber coherent state of off mass shell spin zero Higgs quanta.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coherent_statesIt's actually a virtual time crystal in Wilczek's sense.http://www.technologyreview.com/view/426917/physicists-predict-the-existence-of-time-crystals/http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virtual_particleVirtual particles are stabilized frozen into the macro-quantum coherent ground states by P.W. Anderson's phase rigidity. This is distinct from their role as random zero point fluctuations. The latter is analogous to the normal fluid with the former as the superfluid condensate in He4 for example.Gapless acoustic phonons that correspond to transverse crystal distortions seem to be analogous to spin 1 quanta. However, the Lorentz group does not describe crystals in the v/c << 1 limit.Representation theory of the Lorentz group - Wikipedia, the free ...en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Representation_theory_of_the_Lorentz_groupThe Lorentz group of theoretical physics has a variety of representations, corresponding to particles with integer and half-integer spins in quantum field theory.Lorentz group - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaen.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorentz_groupIn physics (and mathematics), the Lorentz group is the non-abelian group of all Lorentz transformations of ..... Twofold coverings are characteristic of spin groups.Why is a phonon a boson?www.physicsforums.com › ... › Atomic, Solid State, Comp. Physics6 posts - 6 authors - Nov 6, 2005Phonons are bosons because of their spin 0 value. A better question would have been : why do phonons have spin 0 ? Their is a really easy ...Goldstone boson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaen.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goldstone_bosonThe field can be redefined to give a real scalar field (i.e., a spin-zero particle) θ without... In general, the phonon is effectively the Nambu–Goldstone boson for ...You've visited this page 4 times. Last visit: 7/3/12A note concerning the spin of the phononwww.springerlink.com/index/VQ586X9593U5P082.pdfby AT Levine - 1962A Note Concerning the Spin ol the Phonon. A. I). LEVIY~. Wayne State U~dversit! ! - Detroit, Mich. (ricevuto il 12 Luglio 1962). This is a report on work being ...[PDF] Sound-Particles and Phonons with Spin 1www.ptep-online.com/index_files/2011/PP-24-12.PDFFile Format: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - Quick Viewby V Minasyan - 2011 - Cited by 2 - Related articlesOct 20, 2010 – phonons with spin 1. In this letter, we estimate the masses of Sound Boson- Particles which are around 500 times smaller than the atom mass.Sent from my iPhone[0708.3344] Higgs-mass predictionsarxiv.org1Like · · Unfollow Post · ShareRoosevelt McCarter, Leonardo Varesi and 2 others like this.Jack Sarfatti Other examples:12 minutes ago · LikeJack Sarfatti 2) Static Coulomb field of a point charge q, i.e. e/r potential is a coherent Glauber state of longitudinally polarized spin 1 virtual photons of frequency f = 0 and wave numbers k weighted by 1/k^2 (see Wikipedia on Feynman propagators)10 minutes ago · LikeJack Sarfatti http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PropagatorPropagator - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaen.wikipedia.orgIn quantum mechanics and quantum field theory, the propagator gives the probabil...See More9 minutes ago · Like ·Jack Sarfatti 3) ordinary space crystal ground states are Glauber coherent states of virtual phonons again of frequency f = 0 but now with wave vectors k ~ harmonics of 1/lattice spacings of the unit cell.7 minutes ago · LikeJack Sarfatti Note there are both acoustic and optical phonons. The acoustic phonons are analogous to the gapless Goldstone phase modes. The optical phonons with an energy gap are analogous to the Higgs bosons with mass of 125 Gev.4 minutes ago · LikeJack Sarfatti http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PhononPhonon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaen.wikipedia.orgIn physics, a phonon is a collective excitation in a periodic, elastic arrangeme...See More2 minutes ago · Like ·Jack Sarfatti In the case of the Higgs field, if it is a time crystal then it has a spectrum of frequencies f =/= 0 if it changes in time as well as a spectrum of wave vectors k =/= 0 if it also is inhomogeneous in space. The past and future cosmological horizons provide long wave cutoffs.
a few seconds ago · LikeOn Aug 28, 2012, at 1:19 PM, JACK SARFATTI <firstname.lastname@example.org> wrote:What people do not seem to understand is that the vacuum Higgs field is a Glauber coherent state of off mass shell spin zero Higgs quanta.It's actually a virtual time crystal in Wilczek's sense.Sent from my iPhoneOn Aug 27, 2012, at 8:40 PM, Carlos Perelman wrote:Dear Jack and Tony : Thank you very much for your links. A friend of mine sent me a compilation history of Higgs masses in the link by Thomas Schucker, version 8, 2011 : http://arxiv.org/abs/0708.3344 Best wishes carlos
On Jul 14, 2012, at 5:06 PM, MPOGO@aol.com wrote:Jack, Very much appreciated your online explanation that the Higgs field is made up of virtual Higgs Bosons, and that you have to "hit" the vacuum with 100s of GeV energy to materialize a Higgs in real space. If the Higgs field is the source of inertial mass, and gravitation mass is equal to inertial mass from the equivalence principle, then is the Higgs field also the source of gravity? I think this would require the Higgs field "viscosity to become anisotropic, making easer for a particle to accelerate towards a mass then away from one. What does the master think? :) MarkDefinitely a good question. One must include the stress-energy tensor Tuv
Scalar fieldMain article: Klein–Gordon equationThe stress-energy tensor for a scalar field which satisfies the Klein–Gordon equation is
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/math/1/f/c/1fcdac70037e6a41532326d76c96d42a.pnghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stress–energy_tensorwhere phi is the vacuum expectation value of the Higgs-Goldstone Glauber coherent state of huge but uncertain numbers of virtual massive Higgs and virtual massless Goldstone all in the same cell of phase space of volume h^3.of the spin 0 Higgs field into Einstein’s field equationGuv + (8piG/c^4)Tuv = 0where now m ~ 125 GevNote that the second term in Tuv has the form of Einstein’s cosmological constant / with/ ~ (10^28 cm)^-1 = (125 Gev)|vacuum superconductor expectation value of Higgs-Goldstone field|^2This is an interesting quantitative formula./^-1 = area of our future event horizon in Tamara Davis’s conformal time diagramwith the anti-gravity DARK ENERGY DENSITY = hc//Lp^2 = redshifted advanced Wheeler-Feynman Hawking-Unruh black body radiation from our future de Sitter event horizon.Note alsoPhysicists Propose Building a Crystal of Space-Timewww.popsci.comOne of the simplest and most common physical objects is your average crystal, a collection of atoms arranged in an orderly, repeating three-dimensional pattern. Salt, snowflakes, and the quartz in your watch are all crystals. Earlier this year, the Nobel laureate and MIT physicist Frank Wilczek prop...Like · · ShareAlissa Mower Clough likes this.Jack SarfattiThere is a very intuitive though not simple way to understand the space-time crystal.1) spontaneous broken symmetry in complex many particle systems. These are quantum phase transitions like when our observable universe is created in the moment of inflation out of the pre-existing unstable false vacuum in which all particles have zero rest mass because the Higgs field had not yet formed. The appearance of the Higgs field is the effect spontaneous broken symmetry in which the post-inflation quantum vacuum of our expanding universe. The quantum vacuum has less symmetry than do the field equations for some of the matter fields.2) Quantum field theory shows that matter exists in two very different forms - real and virtual. Matter in virtual form lives inside the quantum vacuum briefly popping into and out of existence. We see this indirectly in small shifts of spectral lines of atoms (Lamb shift) and in the Casimir zero point force between two neutral plates. Virtual particles do not transport energy outside the "near field" and they cannot directly cause a counter to click only real particles can do that. The LHC just showed us a real Higgs boson kicked out of the vacuum by the tremendous focused energy of the machine. It's like chipping a small piece of ice out of a huge glacier that is the VIRTUAL Higgs-Goldstone spontaneous broken symmetry field inside the vacuum. There are two kinds of spontaneous broken symmetry particles. The Goldstone particle has zero rest mass like the photon particle of light. The Higgs particle has a finite rest mass now seen at about 125 Gev in the LHC. There may be several Higgs and Goldstone particles. The Higgs and Goldstone particles come in conjugate pairs like the amplitude and phase of a coherent laser beam wave. In fact the Higgs-Goldstone vacuum field is mathematically somewhat similar to a laser beam field with some important differences of course. The mathematics of these general "coherent states" was worked out in the early 1960's by Nobel Laureate Harvard physics professor Roy Glauber. Basically we have a large number of particles all in the same single-particle quantum state although that actual number is uncertain and in the simplest case has a Poisson distribution.This happens not only in lasers but in superconductors and as we see below even in Frank Wilczek's space-time crystal. The difference is that the Higgs vacuum field that itself gives rest masses to the leptons and quarks is made up of huge numbers of VIRTUAL Higgs-Goldstone conjugate particle pairs that form a set of complex numbers z in the polar representation for those of you who know some high school math where z = Rexp(itheta). R is the amplitude and theta is the phase. The massive Higgs particle in real form are quantized vibrations in the amplitude R like you AM radio. The massless Goldstone particles in real form are quantized vibrations in the phase theta of the coherent vacuum field like your FM radio roughly.3) A space crystal is a periodic lattice of atoms that forms in a quantum phase transition in which the continuous translational symmetry of the higher temperature gas or liquid is spontaneously broken down to a much smaller discrete crystal group. The phonon is a massless Goldstone particle. The analogous Higgs particle would be a phonon sound wave with an energy gap at infinite wavelength. However, a single phonon is a collective normal mode of all the real atoms that form the crystal lattice. Now real phonons that propagate sound energy have a frequency that is the speed of sound divided by the wavelength. However, virtual phonons do not obey that relationship at all. Indeed, the crystal lattice itself is a Glauber coherent state of a huge uncertain number of VIRTUAL PHONONS all in the same single-phonon quantum state. These particular virtual phonons have zero frequency with finite wavelengths along the three directions of space that are determined by the particular discrete space-crystal group that is not spontaneously broken. A very similar thing happens for electromagnetic photons in the ordinary electrostatic Coulomb field e/r potential energy per unit test charge q in the rest frame of a point charge e where r is the distance between e and q. The longitudinal electrostatic field is a coherent Glauber state of a huge uncertain number of virtual photons of zero frequency with a whole continuum of wavelengths along the three dimensions of space.4) We now have a unified conceptual framework. The space-time crystal is simply a Glauber coherent state of again virtual phonons but this time with a finite frequency and the same set of discrete wavelengths as in the space-crystal.
20 Things You (probably) Didn’t Know About the Higgs Boson by Saul-Paul Sirag (7/7/12) 1. It’s called a boson, because it has spin-0, which puts it into the family of integral-spin particles (including the photon with spin-1). 2. All bosons obey Bose-Einstein statistical rules. Satyendranath Bose and Albert Einstein published these statistical rules in 1924. These statistics imply that bosons tend to be in the same quantum state, an example being the photons in a laser beam. 3. The other family of particles (which have half-integral spin) is called Fermions because they obey Fermi-Dirac statistical rules, published by Enrico Fermi and Paul Dirac in 1926. For example, electrons and protons have spin-1/2, and thus obey Fermi-Dirac statistics. These statistics imply that any two fermions (of like kind) can never be in the same quantum state. This is why there is solid matter. 4. It’s called the Higgs Boson, after Peter Higgs who in 1964 published a paper proposing the existence of a spin-0 field that provided mass to the spin-1 particles that carry the weak force. 5. Five other physicists, published a similar idea in two papers: (1) Francois Englert & Robert Brout, of Universite Libre de Bruxelles. (2) Tom Kibble of Imperial College, London; Gerald Guralnik of the University of Rochester; & Carl Hagen of Brown University. 6. However, Dr. Higgs (at the University of Edinburgh) was the first to propose that there had to be a massive spin-0 particle which could in principle be detected. He added this particle proposal as an extra paragraph to his paper in order to rebut the criticism that his idea was not sufficiently relevant to be published. 7. The Higgs Boson is called the last remaining item of the Standard Model of particle physics to be detected. However, by the rules of the Standard Model alone, the Higgs particle would absorb too much mass by interacting with the virtual particles of the quantum vacuum. 8. Enter SUSY (more formally called supersymmetry). SUSY requires a supersymmetry partner (of opposite-spin type) for every particle of the Standard Model. SUSY fixes the problem of too much mass from the virtual particle interactions, because supersymmetry partners have an opposite effect on the virtual interactions. 9. But wait, the discovery of a Higgs boson with a mass of 125 GeV at the Large Hadron Collider (the LHC), looks too much like a plain-vanilla Standard Model Higgs boson. 10. Well, Gordon Kane (at the University of Michigan) has a solution: bring in M-theory (which unifies the 5 competing Superstring theories, entailing also SUSY, of course). In this very avant garde (but beautiful) picture, “the lightest Higgs boson behaves very much like the standard-model Higgs boson. And it has a mass of about 125 GeV, just as observed.” (See: Gordon Kane, Nature, 16 Dec. 2011). 11. Dr. Kane says “the lightest Higgs boson” because SUSY claims that there are 4 other Higgs bosons, but they are much too massive to detected at LHC. 12. So how can we distinguish between a Standard-Model Higgs boson and a SUSY modified version of the lightest Higgs boson? Dr. Kane has a ready answer: “It will be easy to tell h [the Higgs boson] is the supersymmetric one since superpartners will also be found.” (See: http://www.science20.com/print/82028 .) 13. Incidentally, Dr. Kane has just won a $100-bet with Stephen Hawking (of Cambridge University). Dr. Hawking made a bet with Dr. Kane that the Higgs boson could not be found at the LHC (because it would be swamped the noise of mini black holes). So far, at the LHC, the Higgs has been found but the mini black holes have not shown up. 14. The Higgs boson is also called the God Particle, because that is the title of a (very funny) popular book by Leon Lederman (with Dick Teresi) in 1993. Somewhat like in the Bible, the universe started out with a chaotic mix of particles all moving at the speed of light because none of them had rest mass. Then very close to the beginning of time the Higgs field turned on and the particles wading through this field slowed down a bit because they were accumulating rest mass. 15. The name God Particle, has offended many physicists (and others). Dr. Lederman (Nobel laureate & former director of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory) wrote in his book that he wanted to call it “the Goddamed particle” because it is so hard to find; but his publisher (Houghton Mifflin Co.) insisted on “the God particle.” 16. There was not enough evidence at Fermilab Tevatron (with only 2TeV energy level) to claim a discovery of the Higgs boson, according to the most recent data analysis released on the 2nd of July, 2012, just 2 days before the LHC claim of Higgs boson at 125-126 GeV. 17. Dr. Lederman was the leader of the plan to build the Superconducting Supercollider (SSC) at Waxahachie, Texas, which would have had a ring 54 miles in circumference and produce collisions at 40 TeV. (Compare this to the LHC with a 27-mile ring and a top collision energy of 14 TeV.) Dr. Lederman wrote his book to drum up support in the US (especially the Congress) for building the SSC. Construction had already begun, but there was a good possibility that the whole project would be cancelled by the US Congress. 18. The very year The God Particle was published (1993), Congress did cancel the SSC. Two billion Dollars had already been spent in design of the SSC and construction of the underground tunnel. President Bill Clinton (in his first year in office) urged Congress “to support this important and challenging effort” because “abandoning the SSC at this point would signal that the United States is compromising its position of leadership in basic science.” It would have cost another 10 billion Dollars to complete the SSC by the year 2000. (Compare this with the smaller and much later LHC costing about 12 billion Dollars.) See: Superconducting Supercollider in Wikipedia. 19. Still, Lederman & Terresi’s book, The God Particle, is one of the best books (and most fun to read) to understand the discovery of the Higgs Boson at the LHC, announced at CERN on the 4th of July, 2012. 20. Also Gordon Kane’s book, Supersymmetry (Perseus, 2000) is wonderfully clear. His “Appendix B: The Supersymmetry Explanation of the Higgs Mechanism” is a must read for insight into SUSY’s role in all this.