**In 1993, physicist Lucien Hardy proposed an experiment showing that there is a small probability (around 6-9%) of observing a particle and its antiparticle interacting with each other without annihilatingâ€”something that is impossible in classical physics. The way to explain this result is to require ****quantum**** theory to be nonlocal: that is, to allow for the existence of long-range quantum correlations, such as ****entanglement,**** so that particles can influence each other across long distances.
So far, Hardy's paradox has been experimentally demonstrated with two particles, and a few special cases with more than two particles have been proposed but not experimentally demonstrated. Now in a new paper published in Physical Review Letters, physicists have presented a generalized Hardy's paradox that extends to any number of particles. Further, they show that any version of Hardy's paradox that involves three or more particles conflicts with local (classical) theory even more strongly than any of the previous versions of the paradox do. To illustrate, the physicists proposed an experiment with three particles in which the probability of observing the paradoxical event reaches an estimated 25%.
"In this paper, we show a family of generalized Hardy's paradox to the most degree, in that by adjusting certain parameters they not only include previously known extensions as special**

Category: Science

Written by Kim Burrafato

Published on Thursday, 01 February 2018 12:10

Hits: 150