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In the troposphere, the lowest layer of Earth's atmosphere (extending to 10–15 km above the surface), temperature decreases with altitude. But in the enveloping layer, the stratosphere, that trend changes direction. At the boundary between the two, called the tropopause, the temperature is at a minimum and, in the global average, atmospheric pressure is about 0.1 bar. (See the articles by Raymond T. Pierrehumbert in Physics Today, January 2011, page 33 and by Bjorn Stevens and Sandrine Bony in Physics Today, June 2013, page 29.) Curiously, such temperature minima have also been found in the atmospheres of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and the Saturnian moon Titan, all at roughly the same pressure despite significant differences in solar irradiation, atmospheric composition, and gravity.

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