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ABSTRACT

We show that a specific superposition principle is valid for \emph{nonlinear} Josephson plasma waves in layered superconductors. We study theoretically the reflection and transmission of terahertz waves through a finite-size superconducting slab placed inside a rectangular waveguide with ideal-metal walls. We assume that the superconducting layers are parallel to the waveguide axis. We show that there exist two specific mutually-orthogonal polarizations for waves which, in spite of the nonlinearity, reflect and transmit through the superconductor \emph{independently}. The wave of the first polarization causes a strong shielding current along the crystallographic \textbf{ab}-plane of the superconductor. Therefore, this wave reflects nearly completely from the superconductor and excites only an evanescent mode inside it. The wave of the other polarization does not contain the electric field component parallel to both the sample surface and the crystallographic \textbf{ab}-plane, and excites much weaker shielding currents. Therefore, it partially reflects and partially transmits through the sample. Moreover, this wave excites the nonlinear mode in the layered superconductor, and the transmission coefficient of the superconductor depends on the amplitude of the incident wave of this polarization.On the basis of the discussed superposition principle, we suggest a new method for solving nonlinear problems of waves interaction in layered superconductors. Namely, it is reasonably to represent incident, reflected, and transmitted waves of any polarizations as superpositions of the modes with the two specific polarizations considered here, and then solve the problem separately for these modes. We apply this method to the case of nonlinear interaction and mutual transformation of the transverse electric and transverse magnetic modes in layered superconductors.

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