Pin It

ABSTRACT

We demonstrate a possible setup to exhibit the spontaneous symmetry breaking of the time translation symmetry. Here we consider a quasi-one-dimensional superconducting ring with a static Zeeman magnetic field applied along the ring and static Aharonov-Bohm magnetic flux penetrating the ring. The superconducting ring with magnetic flux produces a persistent current, whereas the Zeeman split of Fermi energy results in the spatial modulation of the pair potential. We show that these two magnetic fields stabilize the twisted kink crystal (Fulde-Ferrel-Larkin-Ovchinnikov) phase, in which both the phase and amplitude have spatial modulations. In this phase, the time translation symmetry is spontaneously broken.

To download the .PDF of the paper, click here.