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My Original Ideas

 
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March 14, 2014
 
I make Popper falsifiable[i] original predictions in this book: Dark matter[ii] detectors will fail to register true signals because dark matter is caused by virtual particles inside the quantum vacuum not real particles outside the vacuum whizzing through space. Trying to find real dark matter particles is like Michelson and Morley in 1887 trying to detect the motion of Earth through the aether with their interferometer.[iii] A preponderance of virtual spin ½ fermion-antifermion pairs over virtual spin 1 boson pairs creates the net gravity attraction of dark matter that mimics cold dark matter real particles. Dark energy is the opposite.
 
I also claim to have essentially solved the mind-matter “hard problem.”
 
“It is undeniable that some organisms are subjects of experience. But the question of how it is that these systems are subjects of experience is perplexing. Why is it that when our cognitive systems engage in visual and auditory information processing, we have visual or auditory experience: the quality of deep blue, the sensation of middle C? How can we explain why there is something it is like to entertain a mental image, or to experience an emotion? It is widely agreed that experience arises from a physical basis, but we have no good explanation of why and how it so arises. Why should physical processing give rise to a rich inner life at all? It seems objectively unreasonable that it should, and yet it does.” David Chalmers[iv]
 
 
I used David Bohm’s picture of quantum theory.[v] The non-relativistic limit is valid for biological physics. I postulate that Bohm’s quantum information field called the quantum potential Q that pilots particles and electromagnetic fields is essentially “mental” or “thoughtlike” (Henry P. Stapp[vi]) with the particles and electromagnetic fields as “matter” in the common sense way of thinking. Orthodox quantum theory, that I will call “special quantum theory” in analogy with Einstein’s “special theory of relativity,” obeys the no entanglement signal theorem (“no communication theorem) in its several guises.[vii] This means that nonlocal quantum entanglement, now a powerful resource in applied physics of imaging, cryptography, teleportation, cannot be used as a stand-alone command-control-communication-channel C4. Yes, one can encode a complex message nonlocally in a spatially extended entangled quantum system, like the electron switches inside the protein dimers in the microtubules of our brains in the Stuart Hameroff model,[viii] for example, but we cannot decrypt the spread-out coded message without light-speed limited classical signal keys. I say that our consciousness violates this restriction and the theory that explains it is, in analogy with Einstein’s general theory of relativity of the gravitational field - “general quantum theory.” Antony Valentini has published papers on “general” quantum theory where he introduces the idea of “signal nonlocality” in a more formal way than I did and Brian Josephson did independently before him. I claim that evidence for signal nonlocality is found in the independent “brain presponse” data of several experimental scientists, Ben Libet, Dean Radin, Dick Bierman, and most recently Cornell’s Daryl Bem in his paper “Feeling the Future.”
 
Technically, the special quantum theory taught in school is linear and unitary provided that “strong” measurements are not made in between the time evolution of the quantum system. General quantum theory is nonlinear and non-unitary. Both of these properties can arise in different ways. Spontaneous symmetry breaking of the ground state of complex systems is one way. General quantum systems, it seems, must be open systems pumped far from thermodynamic equilibrium like Ilya Prigogine’s “dissipative structures.” David Bohm with Basil Hiley showed that the no-communication theorem of special quantum theory comes from the violation of Einstein’s philosophical “action-reaction principle” that forms the essence of his general theory of relativity of the gravitational field.[1] In special relativity, the four-dimensional spacetime continuum pilots the real force-free “geodesic” motion of particles and field configurations without any direct back-reaction of those piloted particles and fields on the spacetime-continuum. That is, the space-time continuum acts without being reacted upon directly! The quantum potential Q in orthodox special quantum theory is absolute exactly like the spacetime continuum in Einstein’s 1905 special theory of relativity. In the case of the spacetime continuum Einstein found this to be repugnant to his intuition of how God should have created the universe. Indeed, Wolfgang Pauli quipped that Einstein should stop telling God what to do. Einstein did not know about the Bohm quantum potential Q until about 1952 when David Bohm became is student at Princeton. Bohm was a young professor at the time, but sat at Einstein’s feet so to speak.  Einstein by 1916 transformed the spacetime continuum from an absolute object into a relative object the geometrodynamical field in which the particles and non-gravity fields back-react directly producing curvature of the spacetime continuum.[2] Indeed, such curvature permits time travel to the past as well as global faster than light messaging through traversable “stargate” wormholes that is the other side of the quantum entanglement coin where “ER = EPR.” Note, that locally, the message-signal travels slower than light inside the wormhole. It is faster than light only to observers outside the wormhole. So we have to borrow from John Archibald Wheeler “faster-than-light without faster-than-light.” The no-communication theorem of special quantum theory corresponds to wormholes with event horizons that pinch off before a message or traveller can get through the warped space tunnel. Anti-gravitating amplified dark energy holds the wormhole open. General quantum theory violating the no-signal theorem of special quantum theory depends on the dark energy that is about 68% of all the stuff in the universe. Now there are the naysayers who discount all this. However, because of the UFO evidence, I take the position in this book of “Damn the photon torpedoes, full warp ahead.”  One other point, Einstein’s equivalence principle allows artificial “non-tidal” gravity even in special relativity. We experience artificial gravity without curvature when we are at rest in accelerating reference frames called “non-inertial frames.” Real gravity fields, in the sense of Newton’s theory, correspond to hovering in a “stretch-squeeze” Weyl “tidal” curvature field. This is called the “static LNIF” observer in general relativity and it does not exist behind the event horizon of a black hole – at least prior to Stephen Hawking’s recent change of heart on what lies behind the event horizon because of the so-called “firewall” paradox.  However, even in such a real gravity field with curvature, we can eliminate its “non-tidal” artificial gravity component by freely falling weightless on a timelike geodesic that is inside our local light cone. The light cone is the essential object in both special and general relativity.  Ordinary material objects are always inside their local light cones. The simple light cone is the spherical electromagnetic far field radiation wave from a point source. Retarded history light waves travel from now along the future light cone. Advanced destiny light waves travel from now backwards in time along the past light cone. We must specify the sign of the energies of these waves. This is called a boundary condition. Feynman uses the natural one where retarded waves carry positive energy and advanced waves carry negative energy. This choice generates the ordinary universally attractive gravity field. However, if we invert this boundary condition we get a universally repulsive anti-gravity field like the actually observed dark energy accelerating the expansion of 3D space in our observable universe. 
 
Now, let’s return to the hard problem of our immediate experience of the “Now” in our consciousness called “qualia” by the mind-matter philosophers. I say that “qualia” are generated in our minds as immediate experiences from the direct back-reactions of the charged particles and electromagnetic fields in our brain on a macroscopically coherent quantum potential Q mental pilot field. Our conscious experiences, qualia, are simply excited states out of the ground state of our Q-field. The Q-field emerges from spontaneous symmetry breaking of a dissipative structure in our brains. Topological computing also probably plays an essential role because it is robust against thermal environmental decoherence. This would be a off-equilibrium biological version of the fractional quantum Hall effect in 2D nano-quantum wells with the braid group of anyonic fractional quantum statistics replacing the spin-statistics connection of 3D quantum systems. Indeed, the wrapping of the protein dimers around the microtubules inside our nerve cells is, it seems to my intuition, such a 2D nano-quantum well structure. Summarizing, the analogy of real tidal gravity curvature to conscious qualia is profound.



[1]Newton’s third law is a special case of Einstein’s more general action-reaction principle. It follows from conservation of linear momentum in a closed system that has spatial translational invariance from Emmy Noether’s theorem. One must be careful when there are retardation effects and when special relativity is important.  I have shown, in an important special case, how to avoid the retardation problem using local gauge invariance and the canonical momentum of an electric charge in the electromagnetic field. My argument appears to be original not noticed before as far as I am aware.
[2]Oddly Bohm did not seriously apply this action-reaction insight to his quantum theory until near his death in the early 1990s. That’s when the torch was passed to me as I read his short remark in 1994 about this in his last book “The Undivided Universe” with Basil Hiley. Most mainstream quantum mechanics did not understand Bohm’s idea at all.


[i]The concern with falsifiability gained attention by way of philosopher of scienceKarl Popper's scientific epistemology"falsificationism". Popper stresses the problem of demarcation—distinguishing the scientific from the unscientific—and makes falsifiability the demarcation criterion, such that what is unfalsifiable is classified as unscientific, and the practice of declaring an unfalsifiable theory to be scientificallytrue is pseudoscience. This is often epitomized in Wolfgang Paulifamously saying, of an argument that fails to be scientific because it cannot be falsified by experiment, "it is not only not right, it is not even wrong!" http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Falsifiability
 
[ii]Dark matter is a type of matterhypothesized in astronomyand cosmologyto account for a large part of the massthat appears to be missing from the universe. Dark matter cannot be seen directly with telescopes; evidently it neither emitsnor absorbs light or other electromagnetic radiationat any significant level. It is otherwise hypothesized to simply be matter that is not reactant to light.[1] Instead, the existence and properties of dark matter are inferred from its gravitational effects on visible matter, radiation, and the large-scale structure of the universe. According to the Planck mission team, and based on the standard model of cosmology, the total mass–energyof the known universecontains 4.9% ordinary matter, 26.8% dark matter and 68.3% dark energy.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dark_matter