The White House has recently released its strategy for "Planetary Protection". This policy outlines new assessments to help prevent terrestrial contamination of other worlds https://interestingengineering.com/asteroid-mining-to-shape-the-future-of-our-wealth">and vice versa.
Called the "National Strategy for Planetary Protection", the plan was developed through an interagency working group led by the National Space Council and Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP).
The White House's strategy outlines work that needs to be done over the next year, or so, to update https://interestingengineering.com/the-possibility-of-infinite-technological-development-on-a-finite-planet">planetary protection policies. It takes into consideration both scientific advances as well as growing private capabilities in space exploration.
The main rationale behind the policy is that it will "advance the Nation’s role in the sustainable exploration of space by appropriately protecting other planetary bodies and the Earth from potentially harmful biological contamination from space exploration activities. The Strategy builds on efforts by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and other stakeholders in the Federal Government to develop a more cohesive national effort that balances scientific discovery, human exploration, and commercial activity in space."
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