When we use our computers and phones, we usually aren’t thinking about the amount of energy they’re using. But as computers continue to grow smaller and more powerful, they require more and more energy to operate.
Now, a major breakthrough in the design of a transistor component – the tiny electrical switches that form the building blocks of computer chips – could significantly reduce their energy consumption without sacrificing speed, size, or performance.
A new study has shown that an engineered crystal – composed of a layered stack of hafnium oxide and zirconium oxide – can lower by approximately 30% the amount of voltage required to control transistors, and as a result the amount of energy a computer consumes.
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