Past neuroscience research suggests that biological neural networks in the brain could self-organize into a critical state. In physics, a critical state is essentially a point that marks the transition between ordered and disordered phases of matter.
Researchers at the Jülich Research Centre, RWTH Aachen University, and Sorbonne Université have recently introduced a theory that could help to explain criticality in the brain. This theory, introduced in a paper published in Physical Review Letters, is based on a prototypical neural field theory, known as the "stochastic Wilson-Cowan equation."
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