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Nature Physics 6, 151 - 153 (2010) 
doi:10.1038/nphys1619

 

Subject Category: Quantum physics

Dynamical quantum non-locality

Sandu Popescu1

This is an important article - here are some excerpts:

"That nature is non-local, in the sense of so-called Bell-inequality violations, is by now well known. That is, quantum physics allows correlations between distant particles that are stronger than allowed classically: for classical systems to show such correlations they would need to communicate faster than light. Understanding this kind of non-locality and using it is one of the greatest achievements of quantum information science. The non-locality discovered in the AB effect, however, is completely different. Bell-inequality violations follow from the Hilbert-space structure of quantum mechanics; they are purely kinematic. On the other hand, the AB type of non-locality is dynamic — it is the non-locality of the quantum equations of motion."

How quantum wave interference is qualitatively different from classical wave interference:

"Let us first consider waves on water, with the two-slit screen being a dam with two openings in front of the beach. Two observers on the dam, one next to each opening, could both observe and record the phase of the wave, by simply measuring how high the water is as a function of time. They could then find the relative phase by calculating the difference of the phases. So not only can the relative phase be observed, but the individual phases as well.

On the other hand, quantum mechanically α1 and α2 cannot be observed. Indeed, quantum mechanically an overall phase is unobservable."

Enter quantum dynamical nonlocality in the relative phase shift operator:

"We thus arrive at a first significant conclusion: the information about the interference is contained in the average of the shift operator, not in the averages of any power of position or momentum. It is therefore this operator that is the relevant one. Without a better understanding of its properties we have no way of actually understanding quantum interference.

New dynamics ahead?

To summarize, quantum interference is not the benign phenomenon that it is generally considered to be. It is fundamentally different from classical interference. The relevant observables are non-local and they obey non-local equations of motion.

...

The implications are dramatic. On the one hand, the analysis described here sheds new light on the mystery of interference, to the extent that it should change the whole discourse. Rather than focusing on what happens at the screen — wavefunction collapse and so on — one should go back and revisit the notion that an electron, while passing through one slit, cannot know what happens to the slit not taken. It certainly can know, if the physics is non-local. But the implications do not stop here, at the subject of 'interpretations of quantum mechanics'. It is much more than that.

The entire quantum evolution is subject to dynamical non-locality, so we should be able to see its consequences in various quantum effects, regardless of their interpretation. ...

Conceptually however we are almost there. That non-local interactions exist and do not conflict with causality is only possible under the umbrella of quantum uncertainties. This, if we turn the table around, may give a whole new meaning to the reasons that uncertainties exist in the first place — so that nature may be non-local."

Popescu's theory is consistent with Bohm's ontological theory. The former may be easier to make special relativistic than the latter.

 

 

 

Apr 02

Fly in the dark energy ointment?

Posted by: JackSarfatti |
Tagged in: Untagged 

Standard candle' flickers too brightly

"An international team of researchers has measured the mass of a distant exploding star system – and found that it weighs considerably more than the accepted mass limit for such bodies. As these type 1a supernovae are widely used as "standard candles" to measure distances in the universe, the finding could have important consequences in cosmology, particularly concerning theories of dark energy. ... Even though Scalzo's result indicates that not all type 1a supernovae are as neat and tidy as previously thought, dark energy is probably still safe, because there is still further evidence that it exists. "There is other observational evidence from the cosmic microwave background and galaxy surveys. Take any one of these away and dark energy still exists," says Malcolm Fairbairn, a particle astrophysicist at King's College London, who was not involved in the research. "However, it has been very worrying that we rely on type 1a supernovae as standard candles but we don't really know exactly what they are," he adds."

Click here.

The trickiness of deSitter spacetime

From Bohr's Quantum to Future Horizon Hologram Computer Screen Complementarity
"The Question is: What is The Question?" 
"IT FROM BIT"
J. A. Wheeler from Bohr's to Horizon Hologram Computer Screen Complementarity
From Wickedpedia below, but not as above:
Where we are at r = 0 - the frequency shift formula here is

dt = invariant

therefore,

ds(0)/goo(0)^1/2 = ds(r)/g00(r)^1/2

frequency = 1/ds

1/f(0)goo(0)^1/2 = 1/f(r)g00(r)^1/2

f(r)/f(0) = [goo(0)/goo(r)]^1/2 ---> (1 - / ^2/3)^-1/2 ---> infinity at our future horizon

This is an infinite blue shift for the static LNIF at our future horizon where 1 - / ^2/3 = 0 detecting light signal from us at r = 0 along its past light cone that connects with our future light cone. Similarly the advanced wave back from our future will be infinitely redshifted. However, there is complete cancellation in the Cramer transaction, the return wave in the Novikov loop is always the same frequency as the offer wave no matter what set of observer-participators do the measurements. Each set will have a consistent description - though not the same description.

This is in contrast to us outside a black hole where we as static LNIF are at r ---> infinity

f(r)/f(infinity) = (1 - 2GM/c^2r)^-1/2 ---> infinity at the horizon, i.e. we see zero frequency at r = infinity, i.e.  infinite red shift for a retarded wave coming from the black hole horizon along our past light cone.
There are other sets of observers - not all of them are physically interesting. The math allows more choices than are physically convenient. Note that Wickedpedia does not use the conformal observers that Hoyle and Narlikar use here in 4)

4) Note the issue of the red and blue shifts is very tricky depending on the state of acceleration of the absorber detectors.
The cosmological red shift z is, for the de Sitter (dS) metric relative to us at proper time zero
1 + z = (wavelength at co-moving absorber)/(wavelength at comoving emitter) = e^/(proper time at absorber) ---> infinity at our future horizon.
To see the connection with the conformal time diagram Fig 1.1
Conformal time tau = /^-1/2[1 - e^-/^1/2proper time)]
infinite proper time at our future horizon is finite conformal time 
tau = /^-1/2
The conformally flat dS metric is
ds^2 = (1 - /^1/2tau)^-1[Minkowski metric]
---> infinity at the future event horizon consistent with zero frequency.
This is for co-moving observers in the accelerating Hubble expansion flow.
Static LNIF observers see something entirely different at fixed r where
g00 = 1 - / ^2 = -1/grr
static LNIFs see an infinite blue shift of light coming at r = 0 as they adiabatically approach r --- /^-1/2
indeed, their real tensor covariant acceleration ~ Unruh temperature needed to stay at fixed r is
g(r) = 2c^2/ (1 - / ^2)^-1/2 ---> infinity at the future horizon.
This is an example of horizon complementarity - one has to specify precisely the total experimental arrangement to get sensible answers not only in quantum theory, but also in Einstein's theory of curved space-time gravity.

I conjecture (not in Tamara's PhD) that on our observer-dependent future horizon:
1) Our future horizon is the hologram computer screen and it is the Wheeler-Feynman total absorber.
2) All matter field fibers in the 3D + 1 bulk including the gravity field inside our future horizon - a closed surrounding non-bounding 2D surface enclosing topological geometrodynamical field monopole singularities - one per pixel on the future horizon - are retro-causal hologram image projections back from our future horizon. 
3) The quantum field theory or, perhaps, string theory on the horizon hologram is generally non-Abelian anyonic.
4) Note the issue of the red and blue shifts is very tricky depending on the state of acceleration of the absorber detectors.
The cosmological red shift z is, for the de Sitter (dS) metric relative to us at proper time zero
1 + z = (wavelength at co-moving absorber)/(wavelength at comoving emitter) = e^/(proper time at absorber) ---> infinity at our future horizon.
To see the connection with the conformal time diagram Fig 1.1
Conformal time tau = /^-1/2[1 - e^-/^1/2proper time)]
infinite proper time at our future horizon is finite conformal time 
tau = /^-1/2
The conformally flat dS metric is
ds^2 = (1 - /^1/2tau)^-1[Minkowski metric]
---> infinity at the future event horizon consistent with zero frequency.
This is for co-moving observers in the accelerating Hubble expansion flow.
Static LNIF observers see something entirely different at fixed r where
g00 = 1 - / ^2 = -1/grr
static LNIFs see an infinite blue shift of light coming at r = 0 as they adiabatically approach r --- /^-1/2
indeed, their real tensor covariant acceleration ~ Unruh temperature needed to stay at fixed r is
g(r) = 2c^2/ (1 - / ^2)^-1/2 ---> infinity at the future horizon.
This is an example of horizon complementarity - one has to specify precisely the total experimental arrangement to get sensible answers not only in quantum theory, but also in Einstein's theory of curved space-time gravity.
This is not an April Fool joke, though perhaps I am mistaken.

Suppose we could make a very high Tc superconducting meta-material.

The effective speed of light is then c/n where n < 0 and |n| >> 1. Of course there will be dispersion, i.e. n(k,w) including virtual photons.
Let's be naive and look what happens to the Planck units.
LP* = (hGn^3/c^3)^1/2 >> LP ~ 10^-33 cm
TP* = LP*/c = (hGn^5/c^5)^1/2 >> TP ~ 10^-43sec
P*P = h/LP = h/(hGn^3/c^3)^1/2 << PP
does the "i" have any physical meaning?
The Planck energy is 
EP* = (hc^5/n^5G)^1/2 << EP ~ 10^19 Gev
again all of these parameters get an i because n is negative
The Action Cartan 1-form is 
S = Et - Px ---> -S
So the Feynman amplitudes go to their complex conjugates.
The gravity coupling of matter to curvature is now n^4G/c^4 = 1/G-string tension
suppose n ~ 10^10

EP* ~ 10^-2510^19Gev ~ 10^-6Gev ~ 1Kev

Furthermore the classical coherent electromagnetic field energy density is negative - for classical fields this should produce antigravity for non-radiative near fields (coherent states of virtual photons) trapped inside the superconducting meta-material as confined quantized magnetic vortices (Abrikosov lattice) under Type II conditions.

The coupling of these magnetic vortices to the geometrodynamic field will be 10^40 times stronger than normal.

This amazing material in my imagination at the moment would also have stealth cloaking functionality.

 

On Mar 30, 2010, at 3:51 PM, COLIN BENNET wrote:

 


Jack Sarfatti wrote:
Ed
Who is honest? Who is guilty in your opinion? Frankly I am not following these details and only consider it a humorous opera buffa side show in the sense defined by Colin Bennett. I am only interested in hard evidence like in the excellent documentary I Know What I Saw
Colin Bennett wrote:

The Thinking Man's Crumpet

 

Yes well "I Know What I Saw" represents credible Ufology. This quite in contrast to Exopolitics, which is a post-modern meme-based prototypal entertainment system. Facts and fictions do not relate to such virtual superliminal  constructs as SERPO and Project Camelot, any more than this kind of plasma relates to the Yellow Brick Road of OZ or Bob Hope's Road to Morocco. If anything good could be said about Exopoliticians, it is that they represent cerebral Pop Art of a very high standard. This is a relatively new genre of highly wrought modern social comedy: it was born between the burgeoning games systems of web virtuality, and got caught between cyber culture, science fiction hallucinations, and countless elitist conspiracies of many a kidney. Having said that, I accept that Exopolitics is an authentic form of post-modern expression, and I rank it with Thunderbirds, Mission Impossible, and the UK Dr. Who.

In that it contains techno and futurist elements Exopolitics is far superior to broad-ass TV sitcoms. Once one accepts Exopolitical culture as a form of multimedia expressionism, it becomes interesting in itself. Most of these Exopolitical people are well educated, highly intelligent, powerfully motivated, quite different to the usual Pippin-style foil-hat okies from Muskokie. That they are all most probably quite sane is an interesting psychological mystery in itself. That they do not turn into script writers is another mystery. Conventional media may be too small and conventional a form of expression for them.

Like the aliens of Dr. Boylan, Exopolitical  aliens are always engaged in some form of Flash-Gordon daring-do adventures against various Men In Black cabals. Such  do not appear near gasworks or sewage treatment farms. They always appear in glamorous hi-tech inspirational backgrounds environment and appear to be complete functions of the techno world of image, symbol and metaphor rather than alien flesh.

 

Undoubtedly Exopolitics is Ufology as Art Form. Warhol would have loved these sculpted multimedia manifestations and their do-anything say-anything claims for human habitations on Mars and Aliens in the White House.

 

Exopolitics also has the purely erotic nature of instant throw-away consumerism. Let's face it - Exopolitics gives  give good intellectual sex. It represents the thinking person's Lady GaGa in the manner (in Britain) that "arts" TV woman Joan Bakewell once was said to represent "the thinking man's crumpet."

 

Asking Exopoliticians for "evidence" of their claims and belief is rather asking Alf or Yogi bear what kind of ice-cream they like. "Fact" in the strictest sense cannot be applied to Big Media any more than it can be applied to Webre & Co. Their a much deeper game being played in terms of the movement and change within image, symbol, and metaphor. The liminal memes which make up the body of  Exopolitics just don't work the "factual" way; they are performers in a comic metaphysical drama. We must remember that in our burgeoning Global Village there is no such thing as Cartesian distance.

 

Exopolitics is now at a stage in the Web Petri dish where they are about to mutate and transform themselves into at least imitation toy political systems relating to whole new systems of experience which relate minimally to the politics and economies old industrial world.

 

In that these things are  are political, they are new forms of existential control. where old industrial facts and evidence are no more relevant than the horse-drawn carriage.

 

Here we have a completely new stage of story technology (see my feature for UFO magazine "Did a Fishmonger Do It?").

 

Colin Bennett M.A. (oxon)
Author, London
Editor, The New Fortean Times

 

Mar 30

I know what I saw.

Posted by: JackSarfatti |
Tagged in: Untagged 

I would like to see how UFO debunkers react to this James Fox documentary.

I will check Google to see if there are any intelligent rebuttals of the data presented here.
This is better video quality - broken in parts.

On Mar 30, 2010, at 1:45 PM, JACK SARFATTI wrote:


Clearly UFOs are real material spacecraft coming through Star Gate time machines - scenario of high probability.
Clearly also these advanced intelligences can control our minds as well as our electronic counter-measures in jet fighters etc.

If the hologram theory is correct we are all computed 3D images in a Destiny Matrix Reality anyway as in


details at http://stardrive.org
On Mar 30, 2010, at 1:37 PM, Jake Reason wrote:

Yes Jack.  Thanks for the reminder
 
How do you think this evidence squares with Dan's hypothesis that these objects are ethereal mind projections of UTs /spirits/ ghosts?
Dan often implies this is Ron Pandolfi's hypothesis as well.
 
 
----- Original Message -----
From: JACK SARFATTI
Sent: Tuesday, March 30, 2010 3:57 PM
 

Absolutely A+ this is good observational data for the most part.
The Belgian Air Force General, the Iranian fighter pilot, the three airmen at Rendlesham, one who actually touched the craft - maybe it was a drone? -
On Mar 30, 2010, at 3:10 AM, caryn anscomb wrote:

Just watched it – well put together and worth viewing. 

Date: March 30, 2010 8:30:34 PM PDT
To: SarfattiScienceSeminars@yahoogroups.com
Subject: Re: [Starfleet Command] Re: I know what I saw - Bruce Maccabee
Reply-To: SarfattiScienceSeminars@yahoogroups.com

The most complete report on JAL is also at my website. (Based on gov't 
documents given to me by RP.)

At an earlier UFO-related press conference (2003?) I gave Kaku a copy 
of my book, The UFO-FBI Connection. Don't know whether or not he read it.

>Subject: [Starfleet Command] Re: I know what I saw - Bruce Maccabee

>On Mar 30, 2010, at 7:52 PM, 
brumac@compuserve.com wrote:

>I've had the Iranian Jet Case (Parvis Jafari) on my web site for many 
>years before I met Jafari in 2007 at the press conference put on by 
>James Fox.
.>www.brumac.
 8k.com/IranJetCase/
>And don't forget the Chilean pilot who chased one in a Russian jet in 
>1980(?)(not sure of the year)

JACK WROTE:

Yes, the Chile case is also in the film as I recall. Michio Kaku told 
me in Santa Fe that he accepts the JAL close encounter as true.

__._,_.___
RECENT ACTIVITY:
    These are the logs of the starship NCC-1701-280Z.  Its five-year mission to seek out new minds, new quantum realms.  To boldly explore physics where no physicist  has gone before (in physical, virtual, or quantum worlds)!

    Starmind(tm) -- Your daily journal to the industry's brightest stars.  You get infinite knowledge only with Starmind:

    All hits.  All Physics. All the time.  And now in parallel and diverging universes.  (Thus proving they don't exist as separate entities --But have we gotten to them yet or not?)

     

     

     

    On Mar 29, 2010, at 10:11 PM, JACK SARFATTI wrote:

    On Mar 29, 2010, at 10:52 PM, Paul Zielinski wrote:

    So, is this what t'Hooft had in mind when he wrote,

    "They find some support from ancient publications by famous physicists; in the first decades of 
    the 20th century, indeed, Karl Schwarzschild, Hermann Weyl, and even Albert Einstein, had 
    misconceptions about the theory, which at that time was brand new, and these pioneers indeed 
    had not yet grasped the full implications. They can be excused for that, but today's professional 
    scientists know better
    ."

    Ironically, in the above t'Hooft appears to agree with my position that Einstein's original version
    of the EP (below) is not in fact supported by the modern version of GR.
    On your particular point I have seen Einstein write explicitly he meant in the small! You are caught in a semantic quibble of no importance - in my opinion.

    Which has been my position all along. What t'Hooft doesn't explicitly acknowledge here is 
    that among Einstein's "misconceptions" about his 1916 theory of gravity was his entire concept 
    of what he called "general relativity"!

    The critical point here is that the modern version of EP, unlike Einstein's classic version below, is 
    not a generalized relativity principle. It is merely a GR <-> SR correspondence principle, which is 
    only strictly valid (and need only be strictly valid) inside an infinitesimal spacetime region, and
    even then only with respect to a restricted subclass of "local" measurements.
    The onus, the burden of proof is on you to prove that your imagined difference here makes a significant difference to the foundations of physics. I think not. Prove me wrong.

     

    #1


    Well Stephen, my theory about all this  is a theory of multiple cultural confusions (including mine own!).


    The UFO is but one anomaly amongst many. Basically, almost all of the questions raised in the frenetic discussions of the past  week concern the general function of anomaly sets within a techno-scientific culture. The problem is how we manage the framework of cerebral cognition with respect to the  psycho-social structure of explanations, see my two features "Management of Mysteries" and "Chemtrails and UFOs"  in UFO magazines (Volume 21, Issue 6 and Vol 22 Issue 6 - both these two works are available as downloadable pdf from UFO Store). "Chemtrails and UFOs" was translated into German by Nexus, as was "Putting the Noise Back Into the System," which also originated in UFO magazine. Translations into French are following.

     

    Basically the main theme is how we as a culture construct and manage explanations in order to get some sleep at night. I can't show the mathematics here, but I am making  some  progress with set theory as a mathematical approach concerning overlapping rejection and acceptance scales with regard to how we structure the so-called "mechanical real" as a measure of experience. "Putting the Noise Back Into the System" is now available in English on my web site. It is a post-modern discussion and analysis of Cargo Cult tribalism which is the only area fully validated as an analogue to UFO contact. What was (is) given  and taken in the flow of goods and ideas between cultural level 1 and cultural level 2 is a good model for "contact" whether with Little Green Men or the ghost of Old Mother Riley.

    Here is some of it:

     

    The Film Crews Arrive

    "Consider:  a cargo-cult believer wakes up one morning in 2008 to see a film company on a beach shooting a dogfight between an F-51 Mustang fighter and a F-47 Thunderbolt. Such aircraft would inevitably be re-builds, fashioned from many parts of wrecked World War II aircraft plus modern parts built from original blueprints. These classic planes would be on hire either from private owners or from the equally private Confederate Air Force of the United States. Now let us suppose this combat represents a fight between a Japanese Zero and a Douglas Avenger, simply because now there are very few actual Zeros or Avengers in flying condition. Already, without metaphysics or theology, the situation as described is becoming symbolically rather complicated for an observer who has not yet invented the wheel, never mind agriculture or primitive navigation. This simple dog-fight situation becomes symbolically rather complex with regard to how we structure the real. Here are imitations within imitations fighting yet other imitations. The four aircraft mentioned are already subliminal filmstrips within the Western imagination. We cannot rid ourselves of such flying machines and their background any more than we can rid ourselves of James Bond or Charlie Chaplin, whose adventures are still running in our heads as we read and speak. Each young child, whether he or she likes it not, is going to have such aircraft in the head as operational software from countless games, commix, TV shows and films; kits will be sold, models made, dreams will be dreamed indeed of battles long ago way before almost a spoon is lifted to the mouth.

    As well as being finite things, such machines are therefore major historical elements. They trail social psychology, science, and technology, as well as vales of tears and grief regarding the living and the dead. These shapes and sounds are therefore direct routes back to the almost-past of Western technological culture. Our holistic life threads right back through these aircraft and their mighty struggles, back to the Industrial Revolution via the development of engines, carburettors, propellers, rudders, and undercarriages. Can we be objective  before the ghosts of such machines and men?

    Fractal Aeroplanes: the Forms of Time

    How would our native conceive of such socio-historical-technological scaling, with all its complex history and its many dimensions? How could we explain that though the aircraft mentioned are now static in one form of time, in another form of time they represent ever-evolving adventures in the head? Further possible confusions abound as the fractals of perception open. Suppose our islander knows of a long-forgotten B-29 buried deep in the bush, and suppose the film-company carpenters built parts of a fuselage of a mock B-29 for this supposed war film before his very eyes, indeed? Mentally, his mind would be like a smashed telephone exchange. What would he make of our concepts of fact and fiction and infinite scaling of Sartre’s "being and nothingness" in between? Supposing one of our mock-mock aeroplanes were to develop engine trouble and crash to the ground, killing the pilot whose ancestors might well have happened to have flown the original planes in the original situation over the very same island? What measurements are possible here? What time, what clocks, and what measuring rods? Next, let us imagine that as part of our film a great naval task force appears offshore to land Marines. Let us suppose that blanks of varying dramatic power are fired, and the dead fall to the beach, only to get up again and head for the refreshment tent!

    What a pickle out native philosopher would be in! He would hear radios, he would see women, he would smell fuel, and he would see many men as black indeed as himself comfortably involved in the entire order of things. However, he would not know that the whole dimension was a stage set. He would not know that what he was seeing was part of a system organized to produce and supply a series of artificial images without which almost all image-fed human beings in the Westwould suffer withdrawal symptoms.

    Supposing now a UFO flies overhead, as has happened. The film crew are now in the position of our native, who won’t be bothered much, because in all likelihood he will equate the UFO with the Mustang and the Thunderbolt. The double trick is that the film crew themselves do not understand such paths in any case, due to internal differences of class, education, and intelligence.

    If we build further into our model a theory of fallibilities and mistakes, then we have a reasonable degree of sophistication emerging involving a model of alien/human interaction...."

     

    Colin Bennett M.A. (Oxon)

    Author, London

    Editor The New  Fortean Times

    www.combat-diaries.co.uk

     

    We see in Tamara Davis's Fig 5.1 that the 2D horizon entropy of our observer universe is bounded asymptotically by a constant value ~ 10^123 BITs.

    This is actually the upper bound of the thermodynamic entropy of all quantum fields in the interior 3D bulk that are merely retro-causal hologram image projections in this crazy theory that 't Hooft invented in 1993, perhaps not realizing how crazy it really is - is it crazy enough to be true?
    Therefore, as clock time progresses for the ideal immortal observer (central world line in Fig 1.1) there is an effective cold death of sorts since the entropy cannot increase indefinitely. Or, alternatively, if intelligence requires negative entropy, then everything must become reversible in the far future so that every act of consciousness there is balanced by an equal increase in entropy without any irreversibility. This seems odd.
    Of course matter flows beyond the event horizon, which would normally increase the area of it like matter in-falling into a black hole. Actually to us inside the horizon the in-falling matter is nonlocally smeared all over the horizon. The only way this can happen consistently is for compensating negative entropy in the bulk - looks like perhaps the creation of Tielhard de Chardin's cosmic VALIS cosmic conscious intelligence?
    Remember, I said the theory is crazy. I am just beginning to see how crazy it really is. ;-)