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Feb
02

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On Feb 1, 2013, at 8:10 PM, nick herbert <quanta@cruzio.com> wrote:

Demetrios--

I'm already assembling a thought experiment in my head.

The nicest thing about thought experiments is that

all the sources and detectors are ideal

and work perfectly every time.

If we can't find a flaw using thought experiments

then physicists in every optics lab on Earth

will stampede

to be the first to observe

the Kalamidas Effect.

And reap the rewards.

Nick

On Feb 1, 2013, at 7:30 PM, Demetrios Kalamidas wrote:

Nick, you state:

"Although all of the parts of this experiment are

possible the whole experiment itself would be quite difficult."

It would indeed be a technically challenging experiment, on the order of complexity of Zeilinger's recent Canary Islands teleportation stuff, IF the required distance to achieve the superluminality condition is sought for....

HOWEVER, if this bizarre effect is observed in just a table-top version, on the order of one meter, it will be extremely strong evidence that the same effect will be seen even if we stretch out the left and right wings to 10s or 100s of miles....there is no change in the nature of the set-up by doing this.

The superluminality condition in my set-up is achieved when the distance is large enough for an observer, on the left, to statistically distinguish a "1" from a "0" before a classical and luminal signal gets there (and that is just a function of the efficiency of my scheme and technology).

Demetrios

On Fri, 1 Feb 2013 19:02:04 -0800

nick herbert <quanta@cruzio.com> wrote:

Well it isn't going to work.

But we may learn something

by seeing where it fails.

Although all of the parts of this experiment are possible

the whole experiment itself would be quite difficult.

Thought experiments are easier and cheaper

and don't need any hardware

except the human mind

and some paper and pencils.

So real experiment is premature.

On Feb 1, 2013, at 6:55 PM, JACK SARFATTI wrote:

Nose to the grindstone Nick!

I await your penetrating analysis.

If this worked it would be a Brave New World. ;-)

I have been preoccupied with Jim Woodward's Star Ship book and have only been giving this partial attention.

On Feb 1, 2013, at 6:44 PM, nick herbert <quanta@cruzio.com> wrote:

Demetrios--

Clever. And of course--if it works -- there exist an optimum product alpha x r that maximizes the Kalamidas Effect.

I can't offhand refute it but now that I understand what you're doing

I will certainly try.

Thanks, Jack, for sending me this clever FTL scheme.

Nick

On Feb 1, 2013, at 6:00 PM, Demetrios Kalamidas wrote:

Hi Nick,

Yes....you got the main point of what I'm trying to do.

In Mandel's experiment, the "two halves" in which an idler photon can exist are collapsed into a single path such that the origin of the idler is "in principle" impossible to determine....we don't even need any detectors in that idler path to destructively register a photon.

I am doing an analogous action by "blurring" each of the two halves (modes a2 and b2),in which a right-going photon can exist, with an indefinite photon number so that again, albeit in a less efficient and more noisy way, we cannot SOMETIMES tell, even in principle, if that right-going photon existed in mode a2 or in mode b2.

The "sometimes" part is, namely, the outcome |1>a2'|1>b2' since it could be that: the photon in a2' came from the entangled pair while the photon in b2' came from a weak coherent state !OR! the photon in a2' came from a weak coherent state while the photon in b2' came from the entangled pair.

We DO NOT NEED ANY DETECTORS on the right wing of the experiment, as in Mandel's set-up. In my scenario, the possible outcomes in modes a2' and b2' (in terms of photon number) are: 01,10,11,02,20,12,21 which are all "in principle" distinguishable, with the only caveat being that the outcome "11" has the special effect of erasing the path information of a left- going photon (which in turn leads to a small amount of interference on the left).

Demetrios

On Fri, 1 Feb 2013 15:56:00 -0800

nick herbert <quanta@cruzio.com> wrote:

Demetrios--

I am trying to understand your device.

You seem to be trying to erase the "which path" info

without combining the two possible paths.

How are you doing this?

For clarity I assume your detectors are perfect

and measure the Number of Photons in

each two-photon entangled event.

In any ordinary experiment that number (or either side a or b) must be One.

And where that One Photon ends up can indicate

Which Path or Which Interference Pattern depending on design.

Both of these designs involve coincidence detection.

If I understand your proposal

you attempt to erase the which-path info

by adding (via a biased beam splitter)

a coherent state to each possibility channel.

Since coherent states possess an indefinite photon number

the number of photons that appear at the detectors is also indefinite

and the observer cannot decide

which path the photon took

no matter what the reading of the detectors.

Is this how your device works?

Nick

On Jan 30, 2013, at 4:51 PM, nick herbert wrote:

Each single photon of the pair is produced in a SUPERPOSITION

of a and b directions. Observation of "which path" can collapse the

superposition into either a or b but (in conventional experiments)

these collapses (in the absence of coincidence signals) appear

to occur at random.

Destroying the path information by conventional means

(say, combining a and b in a beam splitter) does not

produce interference by itself but can do so if coincidence

signals are introduced.

DAK claims that by adding coherent states to the separated

halves of the superposition, that he can destroy "which path"

information in a manner that produces "weak interference"

without resorting to coincidence signals.

On Jan 30, 2013, at 2:30 PM, Demetrios Kalamidas wrote:

Hi guys,

....and thanks for the interest in my idea....and SORRY! Fred for not getting back to you, I've been traveling all last week and this week for my job....I'm responding from an MIT computer right now (as I'm working).

Let me try to quickly clarify some points:

The source S produces only SINGLE PAIRS of photons, with a photon pair created in modes a1a2 !OR! b1b2.

In Mandel's experiment, it is the overlap of the two idler modes causes erasure of the 'which-way' info for a signal photon. I wanted to find an 'unfolded' version of this concept so that space-like separation could be achieved.

The method that, I purport, does the job of erasing the 'which- way' info for a left-going photon (that could be in EITHER mode a1 OR in mode b1) is that the corresponding modes, a2 and b2, are 'mixed' with weak coherent states (each having at most one photon) such that, sometimes, we'll get one photon in each of the two output modes, a2' and b2', and this makes it impossible to tell where each of these two photons came from. If the math is valid, this procedure leads to a small amount of 'pure state' on the left wing of the experiment....as opposed to the completely mixed state that would arise if the coherent states were absent and only the two-photon state from S was present.

I'll try to keep up with any further comments, questions, and discussions.

Demetrios

On Wed, 30 Jan 2013 13:03:37 -0800

JACK SARFATTI <adastra1@me.com> wrote:

PS

OK the two coherent state inputs replace Mandel's idler photons. So when you include a3 & b3 with the original pair from S you have 4-photon states in the Hilbert space two of them are Glauber states and the original pair are Fock states.

Begin forwarded message:

On Jan 30, 2013, at 12:56 PM, JACK SARFATTI <sarfatti@pacbell.net> wrote:

Wait a second, he has 4 photons s1, i1, s2, i2 - at least in the Mandel experiment

However, you & Fred are right, Kalamidas's picture is confusing it seems to show only two photons, but he cites Mandel, so does he actually have 4 photons - two signal & two idler like Mandel? On Jan 30, 2013, at 12:41 PM, nick herbert <quanta@cruzio.com> wrote:

Fred Wolf is right. Like the original EPR this is a TWO- PARTICLE experiment -- one particle going to the left and one particle going to the right in each elemental emission. If DAK's argument depends on seeing this as a 4- particle experiment, then DAK is certainly WRONG.

Nick Herbert

On Jan 29, 2013, at 10:22 AM, JACK SARFATTI wrote:

Thanks Fred.

I hadn't thought to check out his starting point Eq. 1 I only looked at Eq. 6. These experiments are tricky. I have not yet understood the details. Hopefully Nick & others will chime in. Begin forwarded message:

From: "fred alan wolf" <fawolf@ix.netcom.com>

Subject: RE: PPS Demetrios A. Kalamidas's new claim for superluminal entanglement communication looks obvious at second sight

Date: January 28, 2013 11:11:31 PM PST

To: "'JACK SARFATTI'" <sarfatti@pacbell.net>

Of course it is wrong for some serious and perhaps not so obvious reason. He has confused a four photon state with an entanglement of two entangled (two) particle states. He approached me and I explained why it was wrong. Here is my explanation sent to him to which he has not responded:

“Thanks for the paper. Following Zeilinger’s paper (attached) I am having some trouble understanding your eq. 1. If I understand it correctly you are using a path entanglement scheme similar to the one illustrated in Zeilinger’s attached paper (p S290). Therefore I think you should have a1 entangled with b2 and a2 entangled with b1. We would get e.g., (|a1>|b2>+ |b1>| a2>)/Ö2. Given that |a1> = (|0>+exp(iphi)|1>)/Ö2, and similarly for a2, b1, and b2, I fail to see how you get your eq. 1, which seems to be some kind of mixed four photon state.” Best Wishes,

Fred Alan Wolf Ph.D. aka Dr. Quantum ®