For discussion
"The researchers conducted a mirror experiment to show that by changing the position of the mirror in a vacuum, virtual particles can be transformed into real photons that can be experimentally observed. In a vacuum, there is energy and noise, the existence of which follows the uncertainty principle in quantum mechanics."

I use the inverse argument to the above in my argument that the dark energy accelerating the universe is cosmic redshifted advanced Wheeler-Feynman real photon thermal Hawking-Unruh radiation back from our future cosmic event horizon (Lp thick) of energy density hc/Lp^4 that appears as virtual photons with ~ 10^-122 smaller energy density hc/Lp^2A in our detectors from Type 1a supernovae. A = area-entropy of our future light cone's intersection with our observer-dependent de Sitter future horizon (also applies to Type 1a supernovae in the past light cones of our telescopes).


On CCC-predicted concentric low-variance circles in the CMB sky
V. G. Gurzadyan1 and R. Penrose2
1 Alikhanian National Laboratory and Yerevan State University, Yerevan, Armenia
2 Mathematical Institute, 24-29 St Giles, Oxford OX1 3LB, U.K
Received: date / Revised version: date
Abstract. A new analysis of the CMB, using WMAP data, supports earlier indications of non-Gaussian features of concentric circles of low temperature variance. Conformal cyclic cosmology (CCC) predicts such features from supermassive black-hole encounters in an aeon preceding our Big Bang. The significance of individual low-variance circles in the true data has been disputed; yet a recent independent analysis has confirmed CCC’s expectation that CMB circles have a non-Gaussian temperature distribution. Here we
examine concentric sets of low-variance circular rings in the WMAP data, finding a highly non-isotropic distribution. A new “sky-twist” procedure, directly analysing WMAP data, without appeal to simulations, shows that the prevalence of these concentric sets depends on the rings being circular, rather than even slightly elliptical, numbers dropping off dramatically with increasing ellipticity. This is consistent with CCC’s expectations; so also is the crucial fact that whereas some of the rings’ radii are found to reach around
15◦, none exceed 20◦. The non-isotropic distribution of the concentric sets may be linked to previously known anomalous and non-Gaussian CMB features.