Advanced materials become increasingly complex due to the high requirements they have to fulfill regarding sustainability and applicability. Dierk Raabe and colleagues reviewed the use of artificial intelligence in materials science and the untapped spaces it opens if combined with physics-based simulations. Compared to traditional simulation methods AI has several advantages and will play a crucial role for material sciences in the future.

Advanced materials are urgently needed for everyday life, be it in , mobility, infrastructure, green energy or medicine. However, traditional ways of discovering and exploring new materials encounter limits due to the complexity of chemical compositions, structures and targeted properties. Moreover, new materials should not only enable novel applications, but also include sustainable ways of producing, using and recycling them.

Researchers from the Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung (MPIE) have reviewed the status of physics-based modeling and discuss how combining these approaches with artificial intelligence can open as-yet untapped spaces for the design of complex materials. They have published their perspective in the journal Nature Computational Science.

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