Traditional planar fabrication methods can create 3D materials with intricate designs, but additive manufacturing (AM) or 3D printing offers more potential for producing complex structures.

Recently, nanoscale 3D printing has attracted the attention of experts as it provides an alternative manufacturing technique for various applications in the industry. As our modern technology enables common devices to get smaller and handier, creating complex structures with nanoscale resolution is required.

Three-dimensional printing of plastics has reached the nanoscale dimensions. Meanwhile, manufacturing minute metallic materials using 3D technology faces more challenges. In some techniques, the printed objects are still a thousand times larger than the required size, while some materials are not fabricated with the needed degree of purity. Although conventional electrochemical methods can produce metallic conductors without impurities, experts cannot attain the actual nanoscale resolution.

A group of researchers led by Dr. Dmitry Momotenko brought electrochemical 3D printing to the nanoscale level. His team introduced a novel approach for electrochemical AM that can create 3D nanoscale structures in a fully automated approach.

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