Hydrogen is among the most abundant elements present in the universe. It consists of only one proton and one electron and can be used to store and deliver energy for large-scale applications.
The Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy classifies hydrogen as an energy carrier rather than a source, capable of storing and delivering a substantial amount of energy. It can be utilized in fuel cells to produce electricity, as well as to provide power and heat. The naturally occurring hydrogen can serve as the main asset in battling climate change and global warming.
Natural hydrogen may not only be clean but also renewable. Unlike the millions of years required for organic deposits to transform into oil and gas, natural hydrogen is continually generated when underground water reacts with iron minerals under high temperatures and pressures.
However, it is still in the early stages of exploration as scientists work to comprehend its formation, migration, and the key question of whether it accumulates in a commercially viable manner.
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