The consensus within the academic community is that unconventional superconducting pairings are closely associated with magnetism, especially in high-temperature superconductors like copper oxides and iron-based compounds.

Magnetic fluctuations are considered crucial to the development of high-temperature superconductivity, where the interaction between superconductivity and magnetism results in superconducting states with distinctive spatial modulation. Superconducting oxide heterostructures that include magnetic structural units are seen as an ideal platform for studying these superconducting states.

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