The 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics went to two scientists “for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene,” and the hype around graphene—a sheet of carbon one atom thick—has only increased since then. Graphene batteries might just be the future considering the ways they seem to be better than lithium-ion batteries.

“Graphene is an amazing material, and it’s particularly amazing as a material for batteries,” polymer scientist Chip Breitenkamp, the VP of business development at NanoGraf, told Futurism in 2020. He explained that graphene technology charges batteries faster and dissipates heat better.

“This has big implications,” Breitenkamp added. “It means power tools don’t overheat as quickly. It means home appliances serve families better, longer. And it eventually means [electric cars] can charge faster.”

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